Association of Oral Anticoagulation Prescription with Clinical Events in Patients with an Asymptomatic Unrepaired Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

Golledge, Jonathan, Jenkins, Jason, Bourke, Michael, Bourke, Bernard, and Singh, Tejas P. (2022) Association of Oral Anticoagulation Prescription with Clinical Events in Patients with an Asymptomatic Unrepaired Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm. Biomedicines, 10. 2112.

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Abstract

Background: Most abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) have large volumes of intraluminal thrombus which has been implicated in promoting the risk of major adverse events. The aim of this study was to examine the association of therapeutic anticoagulation with AAA-related events and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with an unrepaired AAA. Methods: Patients with an asymptomatic unrepaired AAA were recruited from four sites in Australia. The primary outcome was the combined incidence of AAA repair or AAA rupture-related mortality (AAA-related events). The main secondary outcome was MACE (the combined incidence of myocardial infarction, stroke, or cardiovascular death). The associations of anticoagulation with these outcomes were assessed using Cox proportional hazard analyses (reporting hazard ratio, HR, and 95% confidence intervals, CI) to adjust for other risk factors. Results: A total of 1161 patients were followed for a mean (standard deviation) of 4.9 (4.0) years. Of them, 536 (46.2%) patients had a least one AAA-related event and 319 (27.5%) at least one MACE. In the sample, 98 (8.4%) patients were receiving long-term therapeutic anticoagulation using warfarin (84), apixaban (7), rivaroxaban (6), or dabigatran (1). Prescription of an anticoagulant was associated with a reduced risk of an AAA-related event (adjusted HR 0.61; 95% CI 0.42, 0.90, p = 0.013), but not MACE (HR 1.16; 95% CI 0.78, 1.72, p = 0.476). Conclusions: These findings suggest that AAA-related events but not MACE may be reduced in patients prescribed an anticoagulant medication. Due to the inherent biases of observational studies, a randomized controlled trial is needed to assess whether anticoagulation reduces the risk of AAA-related events.

Item ID: 76428
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2227-9059
Keywords: abdominal aortic aneurysm, rupture and anticoagulation, surgical repair
Copyright Information: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Funders: National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)
Projects and Grants: NHMRC 1117061, NHMRC 1180736
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2023 05:13
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3201 Cardiovascular medicine and haematology > 320101 Cardiology (incl. cardiovascular diseases) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200105 Treatment of human diseases and conditions @ 100%
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