Prevalence and predictors of mother and newborn skin-to-skin contact at birth in Papua New Guinea

Aboagye, Richard Gyan, Okyere, Joshua, Dowou, Robert Kokou, Adzigbli, Leticia Akua, Tackie, Vivian, Ahinkorah, Bright Opoku, and Seidu, Abdul-Aziz (2022) Prevalence and predictors of mother and newborn skin-to-skin contact at birth in Papua New Guinea. BMJ Open, 12. e062422.

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Abstract

Objective: This study examined the prevalence and predictors of maternal and newborn skin-to-skin contact at birth in Papua New Guinea.

Design: Data for the study was extracted from the 2016–18 Papua New Guinea Demographic and Health Survey. We included 6,044 women with birth history before the survey in the analysis. Percentages were used to summarise the prevalence of maternal and newborn skin-to-skin contact. A multivariable multilevel binary logistic regression was adopted to examine the predictors of maternal and newborn skin-to-skin contact. The results were presented using adjusted ORs (aORs), with their respective 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Statistical significance was set at p<0.05.

Setting: The study was conducted in Papua New Guinea.

Participant: Mothers with children under 5 years.

Outcome measures: Mother and newborn skin-to-skin contact.

Results: The prevalence of mother and newborn skin-to-skin contact was 45.2% (95% CI=42.4 to 48.0). The odds of mother and newborn skin-to-skin contact was higher among women with primary education (aOR=1.38; 95% CI=1.03 to 1.83), women with four or more antenatal care attendance (aOR=1.27; 95% CI=1.01 to 1.61), those who delivered at the health facility (aOR=1.27; 95% CI=1.01 to 1.61), and women from communities with high socioeconomic status (aOR=1.45; 95% CI=1.11 to 1.90).

Conclusion: The study has demonstrated that the prevalence of mother and newborn skin-to-skin contact in Papua New Guinea is low. Factors shown to be associated with mother and newborn skin-to-skin contact were maternal level of education, antenatal care attendance, health facility delivery, and community socioeconomic status. A concerted effort should be placed in improving maternal health service utilisation such as antenatal care attendance and skilled birth delivery, which subsequently lead to the practice of skin-to-skin contact. Also, women should be empowered through education as it has positive impact on their socioeconomic status and health service utilisation.

Item ID: 76112
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2044-6055
Keywords: public health, community child health, epidemiology
Copyright Information: © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2022. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2022 08:45
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420606 Social determinants of health @ 100%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200401 Behaviour and health @ 100%
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