Local hydrological conditions influence tree diversity and composition across the Amazon basin

Marca‐Zevallos, Manuel J., Moulatlet, Gabriel M., Sousa, Thaiane R., Schietti, Juliana, Coelho, Luiz de Souza, Ramos, José Ferreira, Lima Filho, Diogenes de Andrada, Amaral, Iêda Leão, de Almeida Matos, Francisca Dionízia, Rincón, Lorena M., Cardenas Revilla, Juan David, Pansonato, Marcelo Petratti, Gribel, Rogerio, Barbosa, Edelcilio Marques, Miranda, Ires Paula de Andrade, Bonates, Luiz Carlos de Matos, Guevara, Juan Ernesto, Salomão, Rafael P., Ferreira, Leandro Valle, Dantas do Amaral, Dário, Pitman, Nigel C.A., Vriesendorp, Corine, Baker, Tim R., Brienen, Roel, Carim, Marcelo de Jesus Veiga, Guimarães, José Renan da Silva, Núñez Vargas, Percy, Huamantupa‐Chuquimaco, Isau, Laurance, William F., Laurance, Susan G.W., Andrade, Ana, Camargo, José Luís, Monteagudo Mendoza, Abel, Vásquez, Rodolfo, Valenzuela Gamarra, Luis, Mogollón, Hugo F., Marimon‐Junior, Ben Hur, Marimon, Beatriz S., Killeen, Timothy J., Farias, Emanuelle de Sousa, Neill, David, de Medeiros, Marcelo Brilhante, Simon, Marcelo Fragomeni, Terborgh, John, Carlos Montero, Juan, Licona, Juan Carlos, Mostacedo, Bonifacio, García‐Villacorta, Roosevelt, Araujo‐Murakami, Alejandro, Arroyo, Luzmila, Villarroel, Daniel, Dávila, Nállarett, Coelho de Souza, Fernanda, Carvalho, Fernanda Antunes, Comiskey, James A., Alonso, Alfonso, Dallmeier, Francisco, Oliveira, Alexandre A., Castilho, Carolina V., Lloyd, Jon, Feldpausch, Ted R., Ríos Paredes, Marcos, Castaño Arboleda, Nicolás, Cárdenas López, Dairon, Aymard Corredor, Gerardo A., Di Fiore, Anthony, Rudas, Agustín, Prieto, Adriana, Barbosa, Flávia Rodrigues, Noronha, Janaína Costa, Rodrigues, Domingos de Jesus, Carpanedo, Rainiellen de Sá, Honorio Coronado, Euridice, Peres, Carlos, Milliken, William, Fuentes, Alfredo, Tello, J. Sebastián, Cerón, Carlos, Klitgaard, Bente, Tirado, Milton, Sierra, Rodrigo, Young, Kenneth R., Rivas‐Torres, Gonzalo Francisco, Stevenson, Pablo R., Cano, Angela, Wang, Ophelia, Baider, Claudia, Barlow, Jos, Ferreira, Joice, Berenguer, Erika, Stropp, Juliana, Balslev, Henrik, Ahuite Reategui, Manuel Augusto, Mesones, Italo, Valderrama Sandoval, Elvis H., Gonzales, Therany, Pansini, Susamar, Reis, Neidiane Farias Costa, Sampaio, Adeilza Felipe, Vos, Vincent Antoine, Palacios Cuenca, Walter, Manzatto, Angelo Gilberto, Farfan‐Rios, William, Silman, Miles R., Garcia‐Cabrera, Karina, von Hildebrand, Patricio, Guedes, Marcelino Carneiro, Costa, Janaina Barbosa Pedrosa, Phillips, Juan Fernando, Vela, César I.A., de Toledo, José Julio, Pauletto, Daniela, Valverde, Fernando Cornejo, Umaña, Maria Natalia, Phillips, Oliver L., Magnusson, William E., Ter Steege, Hans, and Costa, Flávia R.C. (2022) Local hydrological conditions influence tree diversity and composition across the Amazon basin. Ecography, 2022 (11). e06125.

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Tree diversity and composition in Amazonia are known to be strongly determined by the water supplied by precipitation. Nevertheless, within the same climatic regime, water availability is modulated by local topography and soil characteristics (hereafter referred to as local hydrological conditions), varying from saturated and poorly drained to well-drained and potentially dry areas. While these conditions may be expected to influence species distribution, the impacts of local hydrological conditions on tree diversity and composition remain poorly understood at the whole Amazon basin scale. Using a dataset of 443 1-ha non-flooded forest plots distributed across the basin, we investigate how local hydrological conditions influence 1) tree alpha diversity, 2) the community-weighted wood density mean (CWM-wd) – a proxy for hydraulic resistance and 3) tree species composition. We find that the effect of local hydrological conditions on tree diversity depends on climate, being more evident in wetter forests, where diversity increases towards locations with well-drained soils. CWM-wd increased towards better drained soils in Southern and Western Amazonia. Tree species composition changed along local soil hydrological gradients in Central-Eastern, Western and Southern Amazonia, and those changes were correlated with changes in the mean wood density of plots. Our results suggest that local hydrological gradients filter species, influencing the diversity and composition of Amazonian forests. Overall, this study shows that the effect of local hydrological conditions is pervasive, extending over wide Amazonian regions, and reinforces the importance of accounting for local topography and hydrology to better understand the likely response and resilience of forests to increased frequency of extreme climate events and rising temperatures.

Item ID: 76008
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1600-0587
Copyright Information: © 2022 The Authors. Ecography published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Nordic Society Oikos. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2022 03:15
FoR Codes: 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410401 Conservation and biodiversity @ 100%
SEO Codes: 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1899 Other environmental management > 189999 Other environmental management not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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