Strength and Rheology of Cemented Pastefill using Waste Pitchstone Fines and Common Pozzolans Compared to using Portland Cement

Yowa, Gideon Gipmai, Sivakugan, Nagaratnam, Tuladhar, Rabin, and Arpa, Gabriel (2022) Strength and Rheology of Cemented Pastefill using Waste Pitchstone Fines and Common Pozzolans Compared to using Portland Cement. International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering, 8. 56.

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Cemented pastefill is one of the most popular backfill types that use waste mill tailings to backfill and stabilise the mined-out voids in underground mines. Cement dosage in the range of 3–7% is added to the tailings to increase the strength of cemented pastefill to serve as wall support when extracting adjacent stopes. Cement is expensive and contributes significantly to the cost of backfilling even with small dosages. Moreover, the production of cement is energy intensive and contributes to the emission of carbon dioxide. Partial replacement of cement with supplementary cementitious materials can significantly reduce cost and make mine backfilling more environmentally friendly. This paper reports the findings from a laboratory test programme on the optimization of mix designs using fly ash, slag, pitchstone fines, and polycarboxylate plasticizer. Results indicated that apart from common pozzolans like fly ash and slag, the pitchstone fines attained comparable unconfined compressive strength when replacing cement by 10–20%. The findings are useful for the mining and civil industries trying to dispose the mine waste or reusing it as backfill or as construction material.

Item ID: 75935
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2199-9279
Copyright Information: © The Author(s) 2022. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2022 23:00
FoR Codes: 40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400502 Civil geotechnical engineering @ 100%
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