Possible changes of pore sizes during nanofiltration

Shu, L., Waite, T.D., Bliss, P.J., Pailthorpe, M.T., and Jegatheesan, V. (2003) Possible changes of pore sizes during nanofiltration. In: Proceedings of Asian Waterqual 2003 IWA-Asia Pacific Regional Conference. From: Asian Watrequal 2003 IWA-Asia Pacific Regional Conference, 19-23 October 2003, Bangkok, Thailand.

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The textile industry plays an important role in the world economy as well as our daily life. However, the industry consuming a large quantity of water and generating huge amount of wastewater are unsustainable to the conservation of our precious resources and environment and need improvement. The wastewater, especially the one from spent cotton reactive dyebaths, contains high salt content, various dyes and high alkalinity. This study was carried out to investigate the feasibility of membrane filtration treating spent cotton reactive dye baths. A stirred cell with nanofiltration membrane was used aiming at reusing the reclaimed water. Spent dyebath solutions were synthesized containing hydrolyzed C. I. Reactive Black 5 and sodium chloride. When a piece of membrane was used repeatedly it was expected the flux would decrease after each usage due to fouling of impurities. However, it was found that the water flux increased while dye rejection decreased after each run. At pH 10, the dye rejection decreased significantly. It was proposed that the pore sizes of membrane might have changed during membrane filtration. An equation was derived calculating the possible changes of pore sizes.

Item ID: 7581
Item Type: Conference Item (Research - E1)
ISBN: 978-1-84339-482-2
Keywords: dyeing wastewater treatment; membrane nanofiltration; membrane swelling; reactive dyes; textile industry; water reuse
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Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2010 23:22
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090702 Environmental Engineering Modelling @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9699 Other Environment > 969999 Environment not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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