A survey of eating styles in eight countries: Examining restrained, emotional, intuitive eating and their correlates

Markey, Charlotte H., Strodl, Esben, Aime, Annie, McCabe, Marita, Rodgers, Rachel, Sicilia, Alvaro, Lo Coco, Gianluca, Dion, Jacinthe, Mellor, David, Pietrabissa, Giada, Gullo, Salvatore, Granero-Gallegos, Antonio, Probst, Michel, Maiano, Christophe, Begin, Catherine, Alcaraz-Ibanez, Manuel, Blackburn, Marie-Eve, Caltabiano, Marie L., Manzoni, Gian Mauro, Castelnuovo, Gianluca, Hayami-Chisuwa, Naomi, He, Qiqiang, and Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew (2023) A survey of eating styles in eight countries: Examining restrained, emotional, intuitive eating and their correlates. British Journal of Health Psychology, 28 (1). pp. 136-155.

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Introduction: Restrained, emotional and intuitive eating were examined in relation to each other and as correlates of participants’ weight status, body image and self-esteem. In some past research, restrained and emotional eating have been associated with higher weight status and poorer mental health, while intuitive eating is more frequently linked to lower weight status and more positive well-being. However, these eating styles have rarely been examined together and never in a large cross-country sample.

Method: Six-thousand two-hundred and seventy-two (6272) emerging adults (M age = 21.54 years, SD = 3.13) completed scales from the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire, the Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire, the Intuitive Eating Scale-2, the Multidimensional Body Self Relations Questionnaire, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and provided weight and height information that was used to calculate body mass index (BMI). Participants resided in Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, Italy, Japan, Spain and the United States and provided information using an online survey.

Results: Path analyses for the entire sample revealed signif- icant pathways between higher intuitive eating and higher body satisfaction and self-esteem, and lower BMIs among participants. Higher levels of restrained and emotional eating were associated with lower body satisfaction and self-esteem, and higher BMIs among participants. Minor cross-country differences were evident in these patterns of relations, but intuitive eating emerged as a consistent predic- tor across countries.

Conclusion: Overall, findings suggest that efforts should be made to increase intuitive eating among emerging adults and to support individual and macrolevel interventions to decrease restrained and emotional eating behaviours.

Item ID: 75720
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2044-8287
Keywords: BMI, body satisfaction, cross-country research, emerging adults, emotional eating, intuitive eating, restrained eating, self-esteem
Copyright Information: © 2022 The Authors. British Journal of Health Psychology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Psychological Society. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2022 00:23
FoR Codes: 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5203 Clinical and health psychology > 520304 Health psychology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200199 Clinical health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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