Clashing conservation values: The social complexities of shark depredation

Hoel, Kristin, Chin, Andrew, and Lau, Jacqueline (2022) Clashing conservation values: The social complexities of shark depredation. Biological Conservation, 272. 109658.

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Human-wildlife conflicts (HWC) are increasingly prominent worldwide, which can complicate conservation ef-forts for wildlife. Shark depredation, when a shark preys on a fishers' catch, is a growing HWC in global fisheries and is particularly contentious in Queensland, Australia, causing fisher frustrations and monetary losses. How-ever, social research on depredation remains nascent and has yet to incorporate insights emerging from terrestrial HWC research. To address this gap, this study draws on the Levels of Conflict framework to investigate how fishers experience and perceive shark depredation. Through fisher interviews, we explored beyond surface level aspects of depredation into deeper-rooted clashes in values among key stakeholders. At the surface level, fishers expressed varied perceptions about what drives depredation and, contrary to a focus of previous research, did not emphasize economic costs. On a deeper level, we found a clash of perceived stakeholder conservation values, specifically between shark conservation efforts versus maintaining fish stocks and ecosystem balance. This conservation conflict was further complicated by historically driven fisher distrust of management and science. These findings support the need for a pragmatic approach to managing shark depredation in Queensland fisheries that extends beyond immediate costs. Our findings also suggest the need to reexamine the nature of depredation conflicts globally considerate of local fisher values. This may assist in rebuilding fisher trust and enhance collaboration to develop mitigation strategies. More broadly, incorporating human use of marine eco-systems in conservation narratives may be a promising means to address the conservation conflict between fisher values and shark conservation initiatives.

Item ID: 75713
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-2917
Keywords: Human-wildlife conflict, Human-human conflict, Conservation conflict, Management, Fisheries, Conservation
Copyright Information: © 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2022 08:40
FoR Codes: 44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4406 Human geography > 440699 Human geography not elsewhere classified @ 60%
41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410401 Conservation and biodiversity @ 40%
SEO Codes: 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1802 Coastal and estuarine systems and management > 180299 Coastal and estuarine systems and management not elsewhere classified @ 25%
18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1805 Marine systems and management > 180599 Marine systems and management not elsewhere classified @ 25%
28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280123 Expanding knowledge in human society @ 50%
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