The invasive land flatworm Obama nungara in La Reunion, a French island in the Indian Ocean, the first report of the species for Africa

Justine, Jean-lou, Marie, Amandine Delphine, Gastineau, Romain, Fourcade, Yoan, and Winsor, Leigh (2022) The invasive land flatworm Obama nungara in La Reunion, a French island in the Indian Ocean, the first report of the species for Africa. Zootaxa, 5154 (4). pp. 469-476.

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Abstract

The land flatworm Obama nungara, a species originating from South America and already invasive in many European countries, is recorded from La Reunion, a French island in the Indian Ocean. This is the first record of O. nungara from this locality and also the first record of the species for Africa. Three specimens were collected in 2021 and 2022, in the communes of Saint Paul, Saint Joseph and Le Tampon, respectively; the three localities are widely separated, with two in the Western part and one in the South-eastern part of the island. This suggests that the species is already present in several locations in La Reunion, and it is likely that the species is already present since 2020. The specimen from Saint Paul had the same cox1 haplotype as specimens previously recorded from several countries of Europe; it is hypothesized that the species was imported from Europe, probably from France. We mapped climatic suitability of the species in La Reunion and found that O. nungara could potentially invade a large part of the island. One record was apparently associated with the transport of plates of travertine, a construction material which has numerous cavities thus suitable for the transport and survival of adult or cocoons of land flatworms.

Item ID: 75471
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1175-5334
Keywords: Invasive Alien Species, flatworm, citizen science, new records, La Reunion
Copyright Information: © 2022 Magnolia Press Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-N.C. 4.0 International https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2022 07:30
FoR Codes: 31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3102 Bioinformatics and computational biology > 310204 Genomics and transcriptomics @ 25%
41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4199 Other environmental sciences > 419999 Other environmental sciences not elsewhere classified @ 75%
SEO Codes: 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1806 Terrestrial systems and management > 180602 Control of pests, diseases and exotic species in terrestrial environments @ 75%
18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1806 Terrestrial systems and management > 180606 Terrestrial biodiversity @ 25%
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