Cell-mediated LDL oxidation: The impact of transition metals and transferrin

Van Campenhout, Ann, Heytens, Elke, Van Campenhout, Christel, Lagrou, Albert R., and Manuel-y-Keenoy, Begoña (2005) Cell-mediated LDL oxidation: The impact of transition metals and transferrin. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 338 (3). pp. 1617-1624.

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Activated monocytes release oxygen radicals by respiratory burst and oxidative damage can be accelerated by transition metals. We investigated the cell-mediated and metal-catalysed in vitro oxidation of low-density lipoproteins (LDL), as well as the impact of the metal-binding protein transferrin (Tf). LDL oxidation was measured by monitoring the increase in fluorescence (350/440 nm excitation/emission). Maximal respiratory burst by U937 cells was achieved after 96 h differentiation with retinoic acid and dihydroxyvitamin D-3 followed by stimulation with opsonised zymosan. Addition of activated cells resulted in the LDL oxidation, even in the absence of transition metals. Moreover, activated cells greatly enhanced metal-catalysed oxidative modifications, especially in the presence of copper. By binding metals, Tf was able to strongly impair this process. In Conclusion, by generating oxygen radicals, activated U937 cells were able to oxidise LDL. The oxidising process was most pronounced in the presence of copper and could be blocked by Tf

Item ID: 751
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1090-2104
Keywords: macrophage, respiratory burst, low-density lipoproteins, lipid peroxidation, copper, iron, transferrin
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© 2005 Elsevier : This journal is available online - use hypertext links above.

Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2006
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology @ 0%
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