Inorganic nanoparticles to overcome efficiency inhibitors of organic photovoltaics: An in-depth review

Kamel, Michael S.A., Al-Jumaili, Ahmed, Oelgemoeller, Michael, and Jacob, Mohan V. (2022) Inorganic nanoparticles to overcome efficiency inhibitors of organic photovoltaics: An in-depth review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 166. 112661.

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Abstract

Organic photovoltaics (OPVs) have received considerable attention over the past two decades as a promising alternative to their inorganic counterparts. Although the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of OPVs has rapidly increased in the last ten years exceeding 18%, higher PCEs are still needed to commercialize this emerging technology. The weak light absorption, particularly at wavelengths outside the visible region, and the recombination losses of the photo-generated charge carriers represent the major challenges for the PCE of OPVS. The light harvest and survival of the photo-generated charge carriers within OPVs are restricted to multiple factors such as material properties and device engineering. The application of different types of inorganic nanoparticles (INPs) in OPVs has been reported by many researchers as an effective strategy to overcome most of the PCE limitations. Here, a comprehensive overview of the progress in the performance of OPVs due to the application of different INPs over the past decade is provided. This review also presents an in-depth analysis of the efficiency loss pathways at the different steps of the photovoltaic effect and how INPs can address these issues resulting in PCE enhancement of OPVs. Finally, the impacts of this approach on the stability and cost of the device in addition to challenges and outlook are discussed.

Item ID: 74836
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1879-0690
Keywords: Organic photovoltaics, Inorganic nanoparticles, Exciton dissociation, Carrier mobility, Carrier recombination- up and down, conversion of light
Copyright Information: © 2022 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2022 00:04
FoR Codes: 34 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 3405 Organic chemistry > 340505 Physical organic chemistry @ 50%
40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401608 Organic semiconductors @ 50%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280105 Expanding knowledge in the chemical sciences @ 50%
28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280110 Expanding knowledge in engineering @ 50%
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