Effects of short sprint interval training on aerobic and anaerobic indices: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Boullosa, Daniel, Dragutinovic, Boris, Feuerbacher, Joshua F., Benítez-Flores, Stefano, Coyle, Edward F., and Schumann, Moritz (2022) Effects of short sprint interval training on aerobic and anaerobic indices: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 32 (5). pp. 810-820.

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Abstract

The effects of short sprint interval training (sSIT) with efforts of ≤10 s on maximal oxygen consumption (V̇O2max), aerobic and anaerobic performances remain unknown. To verify the effectiveness of sSIT in physically active adults and athletes, a systematic literature search was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). The databases PubMed/MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, and SPORTDiscus were systematically searched on May 9, 2020, and updated on September 14, 2021. Inclusion criteria were based on PICO and included healthy athletes and active adults of any sex (≤40 years), performing supervised sSIT (≤10 s of “all-out” and non-“all-out” efforts) of at least 2 weeks, with a minimum of 6 sessions. As a comparator, a non-sSIT control group, another high-intensity interval training (HIIT) group, or a continuous training (CT) group were required. A total of 18 studies were deemed eligible. The estimated SMDs based on the random-effects model were −0.56 (95% CI: −0.79, −0.33, p < 0.001) for V̇O2max, −0.43 (95% CI: −0.67, −0.20, p < 0.001) for aerobic performance, and −0.44 (95% CI: −0.70, −0.18, p < 0.001) for anaerobic performance after sSIT vs. no exercise/usual training. However, there were no significant differences (p > 0.05) for all outcomes when comparing sSIT vs. HIIT/CT. Our findings indicate a very high effectiveness of sSIT protocols in different exercise modes (e.g., cycling, running, paddling, and punching) to improve V̇O2max, aerobic, and anaerobic performances in physically active young healthy adults and athletes.

Item ID: 74525
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1600-0838
Keywords: aerobic fitness, anaerobic fitness, high-intensity interval training, human performance, sprint interval training
Copyright Information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. © 2022 The Authors. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science In Sports published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2022 03:37
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4207 Sports science and exercise > 420701 Biomechanics @ 50%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4207 Sports science and exercise > 420702 Exercise physiology @ 50%
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