Effective Dual-Functional Metal-Organic Framework (DF-MOF) as a Catalyst for the Solvent-Free Cycloaddition Reaction

Gharib, Maniya, Esrafili, Leili, Morsali, Ali, Vande Velde, Christophe M.L., Guo, Zhifang, and Junk, Peter C. (2022) Effective Dual-Functional Metal-Organic Framework (DF-MOF) as a Catalyst for the Solvent-Free Cycloaddition Reaction. Inorganic Chemistry, 61 (18). pp. 6725-6732.

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Abstract

A new porous metal-organic framework, [Co (oba) (bpdh)]center dot(DMF) (TMU-63), containing accessible nitrogen-rich diazahexadiene groups was successfully prepared with the solvothermal assembly of 5-bis(4-pyridyl)-3,4-diaza-2,4-hexadiene (4-bpdh), 4,4'-oxybis(benzoic) acid (oba), and Co(II) ions. The combination of Lewis basic functional groups and porosity leads to high performance in CO2 adsorption and conversion in the cycloaddition reaction of epoxides under solvent-free conditions. To further enhance the catalytic efficiency of TMU-63, we introduced a highly acidic malonamide ligand into the structure via solvent-assisted ligand exchange (SALE) as a postsynthesis method. Incorporating different percentages of N-1,N-3-di(pyridine-4-yl) malonamide linker (4-dpm) into TMU-63 created a new porous structure. Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and NMR spectroscopy confirmed that 4-bpdh was successfully replaced with 4-dpm in the daughter MOF, TMU-63S. The catalytic activity of both MOFs was confirmed by significant amounts of CO2 cycloaddition of epoxides under solvent-free conditions. The catalytic cycloaddition activities were found to be well-correlated with the Lewis base/Bronsted acid distributions of the materials examined in the TMU-63S series, showing that the concurrent presence of both acid and base sites was desirable for high catalytic activity. Furthermore, the heterogeneous catalysts could easily be separated out from the reaction mixtures and reused four times without loss of catalytic activity and with no structural deterioration.

Item ID: 74418
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1520-510X
Copyright Information: Copyright © 2022 American Chemical Society
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2022 09:14
FoR Codes: 34 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 3402 Inorganic chemistry > 340211 Transition metal chemistry @ 100%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280105 Expanding knowledge in the chemical sciences @ 100%
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