Systematic Comparison of the Effect of Four Clinical-Grade Platelet Rich Hemoderivatives on Osteoblast Behaviour

Fernandez-Medina, Tulio, Vaquette, Cedryck, and Ivanovski, Saso (2019) Systematic Comparison of the Effect of Four Clinical-Grade Platelet Rich Hemoderivatives on Osteoblast Behaviour. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20 (24). 6243.

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Abstract

Hemoderivatives have utilized in an empirical manner, driven by clinical considerations, leading to the development of a plethora of manufacturing protocols. The purpose of this study was to investigate the composition and bioactivity of four common clinical-grade hemoderivates prepared using standardised methods. Four different hemoderivatives were obtained from sheep blood and divided into two groups: A-PRF/i-PRF (fresh) and P-PRP/L-PRP (anticoagulated). Thrombus (CLOT) was used as a control. Thrombocyte quantification, growth factor composition (IGF-I, VEGF, PDGF-BB, BMP-2), cell viability, migration and mineralization assay were evaluated. Platelet recovery was superior for L-PRP followed by P-PRP. A significant cumulative release of IGF-I and PDGF-BB was noted for A-PRF and L-PRP groups at early time points. Similar release profiles of BMP-2 and VEGF were noted in all protocols. Cell viability and migration assay have demonstrated a detrimental effect when the concentration was ≥60%. Moreover, at Day 21, i-PRF have demonstrated superior mineralisation properties when compared to all groups. A negative impact of A-PRF was demonstrated at high concentrations. Despite its low content in growth factors, i-PRF was the best performing blood product for inducing osteoblast mineralisation, and therefore could be the candidate of choice for utilisation in bone tissue engineering applications.

Item ID: 74322
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1422-0067
Copyright Information: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2022 02:55
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3203 Dentistry > 320303 Dental therapeutics, pharmacology and toxicology @ 50%
32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3203 Dentistry > 320302 Dental materials and equipment @ 50%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200105 Treatment of human diseases and conditions @ 100%
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