Impact of socio-demographic and economic factors on intimate partner violence justification among women in union in Papua New Guinea

Adu, Collins, Asare, Bernard Yeboah‑Asiamah, Agyemang-Duah, Williams, Adomako, Emmanuel Brenyah, Agyekum, Amma Kyewaa, and Peprah, Prince (2022) Impact of socio-demographic and economic factors on intimate partner violence justification among women in union in Papua New Guinea. Archives of Public Health, 80 (1). 136.

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Background Justification of intimate partner violence (IPV) has several implications, including reduced likelihood of help-seeking, increased experiences episodes of partner abuses, and poor health status and outcomes. However, in Papua New Guinea (PNG), where IPV is among the highest globally, little is known about factors influencing IPV justification among women in union. This study aimed at examining the prevalence of IPV justification and associated factors among women in union in PNG.

Methods Data from the nationally representative cross-sectional demographic and health survey conducted among women aged 15-49 years during 2016-2018 in PNG were used. In all 9,943 women aged 15-49 years who were married or cohabiting during the survey were included. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were performed and the results reported as crude odds ratios (cOR) and adjusted odds ratios (aOR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI).

Results Overall, almost 7 in 10 women (68.9%, 95%CI:68.0-69.9) justified IPV. Multiple regression analysis revealed that co-habitation (aOR: 1.33, 95%CI: 1.17-1.50, p < 0.001), polygyny (aOR: 1.36, 95%CI: 1.20-1.53, p < 0.001), exposure to television (aOR: 1.24, 95%CI: 1.08-1.42, p = 0.002) and richer wealth status (aOR: 1.19, 95%CI: 1.01-1.40, p = 0.035), significantly increased the odds of justifying IPV. We found significantly lower odds of IPV justification among women aged 45-49 years (aOR: 0.53, 95%CI: 0.37-0.77, p = 0.001) and those with higher level of education (aOR: 0.56, 95%CI: 0.42-0.74, p < 0.001).

Conclusion The prevalence of IPV justification was high among women in union in PNG. Women's justification of IPV was associated with socio-demographic and economic factors. Our findings call for appropriate strategies including public education and empowerment programmes that target IPV in PNG. Moreover, strategies and interventions to address IPV justification should target the women's socio-economic and demographic contexts that influence IPV justification.

Item ID: 74314
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2049-3258
Keywords: Prevalence, Intimate partner violence, Attitude, Economic factors, Cross-sectional studies, Papua New Guinea
Copyright Information: © The Author(s) 2022. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.
Date Deposited: 25 May 2022 09:14
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420603 Health promotion @ 50%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420606 Social determinants of health @ 50%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200401 Behaviour and health @ 50%
20 HEALTH > 2005 Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health) > 200509 Women's and maternal health @ 50%
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