Granitic magma evolution to magmatic-hydrothermal processes vital to the generation of HREEs ion-adsorption deposits: Constraints from zircon texture, U-Pb geochronology, and geochemistry

Zhao, Xu, Li, Ning-Bo, Huizenga, Jan, Zhang, Qi-Bing, Yang, Yu-Yuan, Yan, Shuang, Yang, Wu-bin, and Niu, He-Cai (2022) Granitic magma evolution to magmatic-hydrothermal processes vital to the generation of HREEs ion-adsorption deposits: Constraints from zircon texture, U-Pb geochronology, and geochemistry. Ore Geology Reviews, 146. 104931.

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Abstract

The key point for further prospecting of heavy rare earth elements (HREE) ion-adsorption deposit is to figure out the granites that could generate HREE ion-adsorption mineralization in weathering processes. In this study, we present a detailed study of zircons from granites associated with Zudong, Dabu, and Xinfeng HREE ion-adsorption deposits in South China. The zircons were studied with regards to their texture, crystallinity, U-Pb dating, and geochemistry. The zircons from these granites all can be subdivided into two types. The type-1 zircons show oscillatory zonation and have Th/U and Zr/Hf mass ratios of 0.4–1.0 and 30–50, respectively. These textural and geochemical features indicate crystallization in a fractionated magma. The type-2 zircons are unzoned, occasionally porous, and have a low crystallinity. They occasionally rim type-1 zircons. The type-2 zircons show significantly higher F, P, Hf, Th, U, and REE contents, but display lower ZrO2 and SiO2 contents and lower Th/U, Zr/Hf, La/Yb ratios than those of the type-1 zircons. These geochemical features are consistent with zircon formation in a volatile-HREE-rich magmatic-hydrothermal transition stage. Under these conditions, the HREEs were also hosted in volatile-rich REE mineral phases including synchysite-(Y), aeschynite-(Y), calcybeborosilite-(Y), and atelisite-(Y), which have been observed in these HREE deposits. These volatile-rich REE mineral phases can easily be dissolved during weathering and release HREE3+ to generate ion-adsorption HREE deposits. Therefore, we conclude that the granitic magma progression to a volatile-HREE-rich magmatic-hydrothermal system is vital for the generation of HREE ion-adsorption deposits. The long-term Mesozoic extension of the South China favors the generation of highly fractionated granites and is thus important for the generation of HREE ion-adsorption deposits. Furthermore, the zircons generated in a volatile-rich environment could be used to determine the HREE ion-adsorption mineralization potential of granites.

Item ID: 73870
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1872-7360
Keywords: Heavy rare earth elements; HREE ion-adsorption deposits; Zircon; Granites
Copyright Information: © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/bync-nd/4.0/).
Date Deposited: 31 May 2022 23:09
FoR Codes: 37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3703 Geochemistry > 370302 Inorganic geochemistry @ 50%
37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3705 Geology > 370503 Igneous and metamorphic petrology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280107 Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences @ 100%
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