SAM: a unified self-adaptive multicompartmental spiking neuron model for learning with working memory

Yang, Shuangming, Gao, Tian, Wang, Jiang, Deng, Bin, Rahimiazghadi, Mostafa, Lei, Tao, and Linares-Barranco, Bernabe (2022) SAM: a unified self-adaptive multicompartmental spiking neuron model for learning with working memory. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 16. 850945.

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Abstract

Working memory is a fundamental feature of biological brains for perception, cognition, and learning. In addition, learning with working memory, which has been show in conventional artificial intelligence systems through recurrent neural networks, is instrumental to advanced cognitive intelligence. However, it is hard to endow a simple neuron model with working memory, and to understand the biological mechanisms that have resulted in such a powerful ability at the neuronal level. This article presents a novel self-adaptive multicompartment spiking neuron model, referred to as SAM, for spike-based learning with working memory. SAM integrates four major biological principles including sparse coding, dendritic non-linearity, intrinsic self-adaptive dynamics, and spike-driven learning. We first describe SAM’s design and explore the impacts of critical parameters on its biological dynamics. We then use SAM to build spiking networks to accomplish several different tasks including supervised learning of the MNIST dataset using sequential spatiotemporal encoding, noisy spike pattern classification, sparse coding during pattern classification, spatiotemporal feature detection, meta-learning with working memory applied to a navigation task and the MNIST classification task, and working memory for spatiotemporal learning. Our experimental results highlight the energy efficiency and robustness of SAM in these wide range of challenging tasks. The effects of SAM model variations on its working memory are also explored, hoping to offer insight into the biological mechanisms underlying working memory in the brain. The SAM model is the first attempt to integrate the capabilities of spike-driven learning and working memory in a unified single neuron with multiple timescale dynamics. The competitive performance of SAM could potentially contribute to the development of efficient adaptive neuromorphic computing systems for various applications from robotics to edge computing.

Item ID: 73549
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1662-453X
Copyright Information: Copyright © 2022 Yang, Gao, Wang, Deng, Azghadi, Lei and Linares-Barranco. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Date Deposited: 16 May 2022 01:38
FoR Codes: 46 INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES > 4602 Artificial intelligence > 460207 Modelling and simulation @ 50%
46 INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES > 4611 Machine learning > 461104 Neural networks @ 50%
SEO Codes: 22 INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION SERVICES > 2204 Information systems, technologies and services > 220403 Artificial intelligence @ 100%
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