Disparities in Advanced Peripheral Arterial Disease Presentation by Socioeconomic Status

de Jager, Elzerie, Gunnarsson, Ronny, and Ho, Yik-Hong (2022) Disparities in Advanced Peripheral Arterial Disease Presentation by Socioeconomic Status. World Journal of Surgery, 46. pp. 1500-1507.

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Background: Diabetes and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) often synergistically lead to foot ulceration, infection, and gangrene, which may require lower limb amputation. Worldwide there are disparities in the rates of advanced presentation of PAD for vulnerable populations. This study examined rates of advanced presentations of PAD for unemployed patients, those residing in low Index of Economic Resources (IER) areas, and those in rural areas of Australia.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted at a regional tertiary care centre (2008–2018). To capture advanced presentations of PAD, the proportion of operative patients presenting with complications (gangrene/ulcers), the proportion of surgeries that are amputations, and the rate of emergency to elective surgeries were examined. Multivariable logistic regression adjusting for year, age, sex, Charlson Comorbidity Index, and sociodemographic variables was performed.

Results: In the period examined, 1115 patients underwent a surgical procedure for PAD. Forty-nine per cent of patients had diabetes. Following multivariable testing, the rates of those requiring amputations were higher for unemployed (OR 1.99(1.05–3.79), p = 0.036) and rural patients (OR 1.83(1.21–2.76), p = 0.004). The rate of presentation with complications was higher for unemployed (OR 7.2(2.13–24.3), p = 0.001), disadvantaged IER (OR 1.91(1.2–3.04), p = 0.007), and rural patients (OR 1.73(1.13–2.65), p = 0.012). The rate of emergency to elective surgery was higher for unemployed (OR 2.32(1.18–4.54), p = 0.015) and rural patients (OR 1.92(1.29–2.86), p = 0.001).

Conclusions: This study found disparities in metrics capturing delayed presentations of PAD: higher rates of presentations with complications, higher amputation rates, and increased rates of emergency to elective surgery, for patients of low socioeconomic status and those residing in rural areas. This suggests barriers to appropriate, effective, and timely care exists for these patients.

Item ID: 73412
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1432-2323
Copyright Information: The Author(s) 2022. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2022 07:54
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3202 Clinical sciences > 320226 Surgery @ 70%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420606 Social determinants of health @ 30%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200105 Treatment of human diseases and conditions @ 70%
20 HEALTH > 2002 Evaluation of health and support services > 200201 Determinants of health @ 30%
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