Influence of shape and surface charge on the sedimentation of spheroidal, cubic and rectangular cuboid particles

Paul, Neepa, Biggs, Simon, Shiels, Jessica, Hammond, Robert B., Edmondson, Michael, Maxwell, Lisa, Harbottle, David, and Hunter, Timothy N. (2017) Influence of shape and surface charge on the sedimentation of spheroidal, cubic and rectangular cuboid particles. Powder Technology, 322. pp. 75-83.

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This study investigated the complex settling behaviour of colloidal particles with varied surface charge and shape factors, of specific relevance to nuclear waste processing. Caesium phosphomolybdate (CPM), zirconium molybdate (ZM) and zirconium citromolybdate (ZMCA) were firstly synthesised, producing spheroidal, cubic and rectangular cuboidal morphologies respectively, and compared to agglomerated titania. While zeta-potential measurements indicated all simulant particles attained low isoelectric points, surface group leaching rendered suspensions very acidic, with CPM around its IEP, and ZM/ZMCA stable and positively charged. In sedimentation tests at various concentrations in water and 2 M HNO3, CPM and titania were found to settle with extremely high hindered settling exponents, consistent with aggregated structures. Exponents for ZM and ZMCA in water were both also well above values for spherical particles; however, this was assumed to be due to heightened drag effects from relative shape factors, rather than aggregation. ZMCA in particular showed a very high exponent of ~ 11.4, due to the propensity for the rod-like particles to settle in a flat conformation. For ZM in acid, double layer compression from the high electrolyte aggregated the dispersions, correlating to a significant increase in the settling exponent. An extended Stokes relationship was additionally used to understand theoretical limits of shape and aggregation on particle size prediction from hindered settling curves. Importantly, calculated sizes were consistent for the stable ZM and ZMCA in water, despite their non-sphericity and enhanced drag. The relationship failed however with agglomerated suspensions, highlighting its application as a general stability test for sedimenting dispersions.

Item ID: 73346
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-328X
Keywords: Agglomeration, Extended Stokes, Hindered settling, Non-spherical colloids, Sedimentation, Zirconium molybdate
Copyright Information: © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2022 05:00
FoR Codes: 34 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 3406 Physical chemistry > 340603 Colloid and surface chemistry @ 50%
40 ENGINEERING > 4004 Chemical engineering > 400406 Powder and particle technology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280110 Expanding knowledge in engineering @ 100%
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