Analytical Model for Diffusive Evaporation of Sessile Droplets Coupled with Interfacial Cooling Effect

Nguyen, Tuan A.H., Biggs, Simon R., and Nguyen, Anh V. (2018) Analytical Model for Diffusive Evaporation of Sessile Droplets Coupled with Interfacial Cooling Effect. Langmuir, 34 (23). pp. 6955-6962.

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Current analytical models for sessile droplet evaporation do not consider the nonuniform temperature field within the droplet and can overpredict the evaporation by 20%. This deviation can be attributed to a significant temperature drop due to the release of the latent heat of evaporation along the air-liquid interface. We report, for the first time, an analytical solution of the sessile droplet evaporation coupled with this interfacial cooling effect. The two-way coupling model of the quasi-steady thermal diffusion within the droplet and the quasi-steady diffusion-controlled droplet evaporation is conveniently solved in the toroidal coordinate system by applying the method of separation of variables. Our new analytical model for the coupled vapor concentration and temperature fields is in the closed form and is applicable for a full range of spherical-cap shape droplets of different contact angles and types of fluids. Our analytical results are uniquely quantified by a dimensionless evaporative cooling number Eo whose magnitude is determined only by the thermophysical properties of the liquid and the atmosphere. Accordingly, the larger the magnitude of Eo, the more significant the effect of the evaporative cooling, which results in stronger suppression on the evaporation rate. The classical isothermal model is recovered if the temperature gradient along the air-liquid interface is negligible (Eo = 0). For substrates with very high thermal conductivities (isothermal substrates), our analytical model predicts a reversal of temperature gradient along the droplet-free surface at a contact angle of 119°. Our findings pose interesting challenges but also guidance for experimental investigations.

Item ID: 73338
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1520-5827
Copyright Information: © 2018 American Chemical Society.
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2022 05:38
FoR Codes: 34 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 3406 Physical chemistry > 340603 Colloid and surface chemistry @ 100%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280105 Expanding knowledge in the chemical sciences @ 100%
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