Community capacity building: an emerging challenge for tourism development

Moscardo, Gianna (2008) Community capacity building: an emerging challenge for tourism development. In: Moscardo, Gianna, (ed.) Building Community Capacity for Tourism Development. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK, pp. 1-15.

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Abstract

[Extract] Tourism has become one of the world's most important sources of employment. It stimulates enormous investment in infrastructure, most of which also helps to improve the living conditions of local people. It provides governments with substantial tax revenues. Most new tourism jobs and business are created in developing countries, helping to equalize economic opportunities and keep rural residents from moving to overcrowded cities. (UNWTO, 2007)

Sentiments such as these have supported and encouraged governments and development agencies in many countries to use tourism as a key tool for development (Hall and Jenkins, 1998; Forstner, 2004). Tourism has been seen as a particularly useful option for developing countries, and in rural and/or peripheral regions all over the world. Substantial resources have been invested in tourism by communities,governments and aid and development agencies. In Europe, for example, the EU claims to have spent more than €7 billion in 5 years on tourism projects specifically aimed at creating alternative employment and revenue options for rural regions facing challenges in sustaining traditional agricultural practices (European Union, 2003). The Australian government spent AUS$31 million in 2 years on regional tourism development projects (AusIndustry, 2005), while in Africa, the World Bank alone has US$3 billion invested in tourism development projects (World Bank, 2006).

Item ID: 7322
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-1-84593-447-7
Keywords: community capacity; tourism development
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Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2010 22:40
FoR Codes: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1605 Policy and Administration > 160513 Tourism Policy @ 100%
SEO Codes: 90 COMMERCIAL SERVICES AND TOURISM > 9003 Tourism > 900399 Tourism not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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