Turbulence structure in a very sharp thermally stratified open-channel meander

Nguyen, Duy, Kirkpatrick, Michael P., Williamson, N., Armfield, S.W., and Lin, W. (2022) Turbulence structure in a very sharp thermally stratified open-channel meander. Physics of Fluids, 34. 035130.

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View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0083230
 
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Abstract

Direct numerical simulation (DNS) results for turbulent open-channel flow through an idealized sine-generated meander with and without an internal heat source that models radiative heating from above are used to analyze the effect of a very sharp meander configuration and thermal stratification on the turbulence structure in the channel with friction Reynolds number Res = 200. Spatial distributions of temperature, mean velocities, vorticity, mean-flow kinetic energy, and turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) are presented. In both cases, the cross-sectional motion is characterized by three circulation cells: a center-region cell and two weaker outer bank and inner bank cells. However, there is also a small cell observed near the corner of the channel bed inner bank at the channel outlet and the channel bed outer bank at the channel inlet. The tri-cellular cross-stream motions control the distributions of temperature and kinetic energy. In the stratified case, two separated shear layers (SSLs) are found: the first one is formed before the bend apex, and the second one is observed in the wake after the bend apex. In the neutral case, only the first SSL is observed. Turbulent amplification can be seen in both cases; however, in the stratified case, the second SSL stretches out to the channel outlet and is introduced back to the channel inlet by an anti-symmetric periodic boundary condition and then follows the outer bank line. The two SSLs converge in the region before the bend apex and amplify the turbulence more strongly there than in the neutral case. The turbulence kinetic energy budget terms for the stratified case are analyzed to determine the characteristics of production, dissipation and transport of TKE in thermally stratified meandering flow.

Item ID: 73196
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1089-7666
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Copyright Information: © 2022 Author(s). Published under an exclusive license by AIP Publishing.
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC DP150100912
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2022 05:07
FoR Codes: 40 ENGINEERING > 4012 Fluid mechanics and thermal engineering > 401208 Geophysical and environmental fluid flows @ 30%
40 ENGINEERING > 4012 Fluid mechanics and thermal engineering > 401213 Turbulent flows @ 40%
40 ENGINEERING > 4012 Fluid mechanics and thermal engineering > 401204 Computational methods in fluid flow, heat and mass transfer (incl. computational fluid dynamics) @ 30%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280110 Expanding knowledge in engineering @ 50%
28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280111 Expanding knowledge in the environmental sciences @ 50%
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