The business machine in biology: the commercialization of AI in the life science

Stevens, Hallam (2022) The business machine in biology: the commercialization of AI in the life science. IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, 44 (1). pp. 8-19.

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Abstract

This paper traces one important trajectory in the history of expert systems. Through a collaboration between Edward Feigenbaum and the geneticist Joshua Lederberg, Nobel Laureate in Medicine, AI became deeply connected to the life sciences. Biology was a crucial test-bed for some of Feigenbaums systems and, in the long term, these systems had a transformative effect on biology. In particular, the work of Feigenbaum and his collaborators and students, brought biology and computing together in especially powerful ways. We now take for granted that biology can be computerized we have whole sub-disciplines such as bioinformatics, biocomputing, and computational biology devoted to the task of studying life as information. The computer systems and software that Feigenbaums lab helped to develop played an important role in establishing the possibility of these kinds of work.

Item ID: 73173
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1934-1547
Keywords: Artificial intelligence, Biology, Business, Edward A Feigenbaum, Expert systems, expert systems, History, IntelliCorp, IntelliGenetics, Joshua Lederberg, Life sciences, MOLGEN, Presses, Teknowledge
Copyright Information: © 2021 IEEE.
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2022 00:10
FoR Codes: 43 HISTORY, HERITAGE AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 4303 Historical studies > 430323 Transnational history @ 80%
46 INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES > 4609 Information systems > 460912 Knowledge and information management @ 20%
SEO Codes: 13 CULTURE AND SOCIETY > 1307 Understanding past societies > 130706 Understanding the past of the Americas @ 70%
22 INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION SERVICES > 2204 Information systems, technologies and services > 220403 Artificial intelligence @ 30%
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