Obstetric vesico-vaginal fistulas: midvaginal and juxtacervical fistula repair outcomes in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Maroyi, Raha, Shahid, Usama, Vangaveti, Venkat, Rane, Ajay, and Mukwege, Denis (2021) Obstetric vesico-vaginal fistulas: midvaginal and juxtacervical fistula repair outcomes in the Democratic Republic of Congo. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 153 (2). pp. 294-299.

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Objective: This study aims to establish the postoperative success rates of midvaginal versus juxtacervical obstetric vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) repairs. In addition, we aim to quantify the impact of patient sociodemographic variables, fistula classification, and surgical repair techniques associated with postoperative outcomes.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted involving 420 women who had undergone a primary obstetric VVF repair. All data were collected from the Panzi Hospital, Democratic Republic of Congo between 2015 and 2017. Patient notes were analyzed to determine sociodemographic variables, symptoms, fistula classification, surgical repair techniques, and postoperative follow up. Binary logistic regression presented as X 2 for trend was used to establish P values.

Results: Overall, 95.6% and 96.2% of midvaginal and juxtacervical VVF, respectively, underwent a successful repair. The principal prognostic factor associated with a statistically significant likelihood of a successful repair was the degree of fibrosis noted preoperatively (P = 0.004, 95% confidence interval CI 2.38-94.61). Furthermore, VVF were more likely to have a successful repair if they were closed in two layers (P = 0.004, 95% CI 1.86-25.81) and sutured vertically (P = 0.005, 95% CI 1.16-2.52).

Conclusion: Overall, high postoperative success rates of obstetric VVF repair can be expected among well-trained surgeons but a complex interplay of factors means that the ability to preoperatively foreshadow individual outcomes remains difficult.

Item ID: 73164
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1879-3479
Keywords: Congo, juxtacervical, midvaginal, repair, vesicovaginal fistula
Copyright Information: © 2020 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2022 01:23
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3215 Reproductive medicine > 321502 Obstetrics and gynaecology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200105 Treatment of human diseases and conditions @ 100%
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