Ischemic heart disease and its risk factors in patients with diabetic foot ulcers: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Waheed, Fathmath N.M., Vangaveti, Venkat N., and Malabu, Usman H. (2022) Ischemic heart disease and its risk factors in patients with diabetic foot ulcers: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: clinical research & reviews, 16 (2). 102414.

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Abstract

Aims: There is limited literature on IHD in DFU patients. This review aimed to determine the prevalence of and risk factors of IHD in patients with DFUs.

Methods: Seven electronic databases were searched from inception to April 2021.

Results: The prevalence of IHD in DFU patients ranged from 6.83% to 60.61% with a pooled mean of 25.85% (95% CI, 24.28%-27.32%). Several risk factors were identified including hypertension, male gender, smoking, and peripheral vascular disease.

Conclusion: We identified multiple risk factors for IHD requiring early interventions to increase long-term quality of life for patients with DFUs.

Item ID: 73159
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1878-0334
Keywords: Ischemic heart disease, Diabetic foot ulcer, Prevalence, Risk factors
Copyright Information: © 2022 Diabetes India. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2022 00:18
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3202 Clinical sciences > 320208 Endocrinology @ 50%
32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3201 Cardiovascular medicine and haematology > 320101 Cardiology (incl. cardiovascular diseases) @ 50%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200104 Prevention of human diseases and conditions @ 100%
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