Corporate social responsibility in Vietnam: views from corporate and NGO executives

Kane, Victor L., Akbari, Mohammadreza, Nguyen, Long Le Hoang, and Nguyen, Trung Quang (2022) Corporate social responsibility in Vietnam: views from corporate and NGO executives. Social Responsibility Journal, 18 (2). pp. 316-347.

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Purpose – The qualitative (focus group) portion of this study aims to examine the perceptions and opinions of corporate and nongovernmental organization (NGO) executives in Vietnam about corporate social responsibility (CSR) programs, issues and priorities in Vietnam, the role of various external stakeholders in supporting CSR practices and how corporates and NGOs can work together to support each other’s CSR agendas. The quantitative (survey) portion of this study aims to examine how Vietnamese companies across different sectors prioritize CSR issues and goals, budget for CSR, report on CSR and centrally (or decentrally) manage CSR programs.

Design/methodology/approach – This is a qualitative and quantitative research study of executives in NGO, multinational and domestic-only firms operating in Vietnam. Qualitative (focus group) data were collected from 20 participants in three focus groups. Quantitative data were collected through an online survey of respondents from 186 companies throughout Vietnam.

Findings – The focus group findings support the research literature that CSR agenda and priorities amongst Vietnamese domestic companies are strongly influenced by long-standing norms, values and religious beliefs embedded in the Vietnamese culture that support their role in charitable giving and improving the welfare and well-being of Vietnamese citizens. The findings also indicate that CSR and sustainability programs are more fully funded and developed by multinational subsidiaries in Vietnam who have more capital and human resources to support their initiatives. The survey findings indicate that enhanced reputation, attracting new customers, securing more sustainable supply chains, developing innovative or new products/services and improving risk management are the top five business goals amongst the 186 companies surveyed.

Research limitations/implications – While the qualitative research uncovered important trends and issues in CSR amongst NGO and corporate participants, the focus was limited to the defined geographic areas of two main urban hubs.

Item ID: 73089
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1747-1117
Keywords: Corporate social responsibility, Sustainability, Vietnam, Emerging markets, Corporate citizenship, Multinational corporation
Copyright Information: Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited
Date Deposited: 31 May 2022 02:41
FoR Codes: 35 COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES > 3507 Strategy, management and organisational behaviour > 350702 Corporate social responsibility @ 100%
SEO Codes: 15 ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK > 1503 Management and productivity > 150302 Management @ 60%
15 ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK > 1504 Measurement standards and calibration services > 150403 Manufacturing standards and calibrations @ 40%
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