A statistical comparison of flood-related economic damage in Indian states with reflections on policy implications

Das, Sourav, Sheth, Arshay Nimish, Bansal, Priya, Chuah, Joon, and Wasson, Robert (2022) A statistical comparison of flood-related economic damage in Indian states with reflections on policy implications. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 72. 102835.

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Economic damage caused by floods in India is a serious problem that has disrupted development and the fight against poverty in some parts of the country. It is therefore important to mitigate the effects of floods as effectively as possible. An analysis of aggregated economic damage in the categories of crops, housing and utilities in six Indian States from 1953 to 2011 is presented using rigorous statistical methods. The main result is that increasing mitigation efforts since Independence have not produced a monotically decreasing long term trend in damage, although the magnitude of reduction cannot be known precisely, based on publicly available data. Andhra Pradesh has the highest total damage followed by Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Assam, and Gujarat. The reasons for this ranking are unclear because the only publicly available proxy for potential damage, has a weak statistical effect. Similarities in damage between some States suggest that inter-State learning may be of value despite differences in hydrology, landscape and economic activity. Despite the deficiencies in the data and its spatial resolution, there is sufficient evidence to inspire new thinking and action about flood mitigation in India, for which District and Taluk level data will be essential.

Item ID: 72496
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2212-4209
Copyright Information: © 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2022 00:14
FoR Codes: 38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380105 Environment and resource economics @ 20%
49 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES > 4905 Statistics > 490511 Time series and spatial modelling @ 40%
37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3709 Physical geography and environmental geoscience > 370903 Natural hazards @ 40%
SEO Codes: 19 ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY, CLIMATE CHANGE AND NATURAL HAZARDS > 1904 Natural hazards > 190404 Hydrological hazards (e.g. avalanches and floods) @ 80%
12 CONSTRUCTION > 1206 Environmentally sustainable construction activities > 120699 Environmentally sustainable construction activities not elsewhere classified @ 20%
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