Functional-structural plant models mission in advancing crop science: opportunities and prospects

Soualiou, Soualihou, Wang, Zhiwei, Sun, Weiwei, de Reffye, Philippe, Collins, Brian, Louarn, Gaetan, and Song, Youhong (2021) Functional-structural plant models mission in advancing crop science: opportunities and prospects. Frontiers in Plant Science, 12. 747142.

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Functional-structural plant models (FSPMs) have been evolving for over 2 decades and their future development, to some extent, depends on the value of potential applications in crop science. To date, stabilizing crop production by identifying valuable traits for novel cultivars adapted to adverse environments is topical in crop science. Thus, this study will examine how FSPMs are able to address new challenges in crop science for sustainable crop production. FSPMs developed to simulate organogenesis, morphogenesis, and physiological activities under various environments and are amenable to downscale to the tissue, cellular, and molecular level or upscale to the whole plant and ecological level. In a modeling framework with independent and interactive modules, advanced algorithms provide morphophysiological details at various scales. FSPMs are shown to be able to: (i) provide crop ideotypes efficiently for optimizing the resource distribution and use for greater productivity and less disease risk, (ii) guide molecular design breeding via linking molecular basis to plant phenotypes as well as enrich crop models with an additional architectural dimension to assist breeding, and (iii) interact with plant phenotyping for molecular breeding in embracing three-dimensional (3D) architectural traits. This study illustrates that FSPMs have great prospects in speeding up precision breeding for specific environments due to the capacity for guiding and integrating ideotypes, phenotyping, molecular design, and linking molecular basis to target phenotypes. Consequently, the promising great applications of FSPMs in crop science will, in turn, accelerate their evolution and vice versa.

Item ID: 72350
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1664-462X
Keywords: functional-structural plant modeling,plant architecture,plant phenotyping,genotype to phenotype,assisted molecular breeding
Copyright Information: © 2021 Soualiou, Wang, Sun, de Reffye, Collins, Louarn and Song. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2022 14:02
FoR Codes: 33 BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN > 3303 Design > 330311 Models and simulations of design @ 50%
30 AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND FOOD SCIENCES > 3004 Crop and pasture production > 300499 Crop and pasture production not elsewhere classified @ 50%
SEO Codes: 26 PLANT PRODUCTION AND PLANT PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 2699 Other plant production and plant primary products > 269999 Other plant production and plant primary products not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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