Vertical Jumping as a Monitoring Tool in Endurance Runners: A Brief Review

Garcia-Pinillos, Felipe, Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo, Boullosa, Daniel, Jimenez-Reyes, Pedro, and Latorre-Roman, Pedro A. (2021) Vertical Jumping as a Monitoring Tool in Endurance Runners: A Brief Review. Journal of Human Kinetics, 80. pp. 297-308.

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Jumping performance (e.g., countermovement jump [CMJ]), as a measure of neuromuscular performance, has been suggested as an easy-to-use tool which simultaneously provides neuromuscular and metabolic information and, thereby, allows coaches to confidently monitor the status of their athletes during a workout. This hypothesis has been satisfactorily tested with sprint athletes. However, the rationale for the use of CMJ height loss as an index to monitor the workload during an endurance running session is not sufficiently evidence-based. First, it is assumed that a CMJ height loss occurs during typical interval training for endurance runners. Second, it is also assumed that a significant relationship between metabolic stress and the neuromuscular strain induced during these endurance workouts exists. These two assumptions will be questioned in this review by critically analyzing the kinetics of CMJ performance during and after running workouts, and the relationship between neuromuscular and physiological stress induced during different protocols in endurance runners. The current evidence shows that fatigue induced by common running workouts for endurance runners does not counterbalance the potentiation effect in the CMJ height. Additionally, the findings reported among different studies are consistent regarding the lack of association between CMJ height loss and physiological stress during interval sessions in endurance runners. In practical terms, the authors suggest that this marker of neuromuscular fatigue may not be used to regulate the external training load during running workouts in endurance runners. Nevertheless, the analysis of CMJ height during running workouts may serve to monitor chronic adaptations to training in endurance runners.

Item ID: 72288
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1899-7562
Keywords: post activation potentiation, dose-response, individualization, fatigue
Copyright Information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2022 13:01
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