Determining suitable thermal regimes for early instar redclaw juveniles, Cherax quadricarinatus (von Martens, 1868) (Decapoda, Parastacidae), for a proposed nursery phase

Rigg, Damian P., Courtney, Robert L., Seymour, Jamie E., and Jones, Clive M. (2021) Determining suitable thermal regimes for early instar redclaw juveniles, Cherax quadricarinatus (von Martens, 1868) (Decapoda, Parastacidae), for a proposed nursery phase. Freshwater Crayfish, 26 (1). pp. 17-23.

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Abstract

Modern, intensified aquaculture typically involves three production phases; hatchery, nursery, and grow-out. For redclaw crayfish aquaculture however, such delineation has been ill-defined. Farming of redclaw was initiated based on the putative beneficial physical and biological attributes of the species, which suggested production methods would be relatively simple. The simple approach proved to be inefficient and only partially effective, which hindered industry development. Hatchery technology now exists to supply seed stock for grow-out, but hatchery production is variable, and the performance of hatchery reared juveniles is inconsistent. A nursery phase has been proposed between hatchery production and grow-out of approximately 3 weeks duration, sufficient to allow 2 or more moults. An important primary parameter in the proposed nursery phase is the thermal regime that will support optimum survival and growth. This study quantified the effect of temperature on the growth and survival of redclaw juveniles for a 22-day nursery phase. Temperature had a statistically significant effect on the survival of juveniles, whereby, the high temperatures were associated with high mortality, and the lower temperature treatments were associated with very low mortality. Survival was 98 to 100% for craylings held at temperatures between 18 degrees C and 22 degrees C, and between 0% and 6% for craylings at temperature treatments of 25 degrees C to 32 degrees C. Mortalities within treatments between 25 degrees C and 30 degrees C, primarily occurred from day six to day eleven, corresponding with the initiation of moulting. Change of mass of crayfish was significantly higher with increasing temperature between 18 degrees C and 22 degrees C and at individual weights that suggest they had completed a moult. This study suggests a water temperature of 22 degrees C is optimal for survival and growth in a nursery phase.

Item ID: 72219
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2076-4332
Keywords: aquaculture, Cherax quadricarinatus, crayling, nursery, juvenile, redclaw, temperature
Copyright Information: Copyright © 2021 by The Author(s). Published by the International Association of Astacology. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2022 11:22
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