Reducing impacts of rice fields nitrate contamination on the river ecosystem by a coupled SWAT reservoir operation optimization model

Sedighkia, Mahdi, Datta, Bithin, and Abdoli, Asghar (2022) Reducing impacts of rice fields nitrate contamination on the river ecosystem by a coupled SWAT reservoir operation optimization model. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 15. 160.

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Abstract

The present study proposes a multipurpose reservoir operation optimization for mitigating impact of rice fields’ contamination on the downstream river ecosystem. The developed model was applied in the Tajan River basin in Mazandaran Province, Iran, in which the rice is the main crop. We used soil and water assessment tool (SWAT) to simulate inflow of the reservoir and nitrate load at downstream river reach. Nash–Sutcliffe model efficiency coefficient was used to measure the robustness of SWAT. NSE indicated that SWAT is acceptable to simulate nitrate load of the rice fields. The results of SWAT was applied in the structure of a multipurpose reservoir operation optimization in which three metaheuristic algorithms including differential evolution algorithm, particle swarm optimization and biogeography-based algorithm were utilized in the optimization process. Reliability index, mean absolute error and failure index were used to measure the robustness of the optimization algorithms. Fuzzy Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution was utilized to select the best algorithm. Based on results, particle swarm optimization is the best method to optimize reservoir operation in the case study. The reliability index and mean absolute error for water supply are 0.6 and 5 million cubic meters, respectively. Furthermore, the failure index of contamination is 0.027. Hence, it could be concluded that the proposed optimization system is reliable and robust to mitigate losses and nitrate contamination simultaneously. However, its performance is not perfect for minimizing impact of contamination in all the simulated months.

Item ID: 72136
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1866-7538
Keywords: Nitrate contamination, SWAT, Optimal reservoir operation, Metaheuristic algorithms, Fuzzy TOPSIS
Copyright Information: © The Author(s) 2022. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2022 09:06
FoR Codes: 40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400513 Water resources engineering @ 100%
SEO Codes: 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1803 Fresh, ground and surface water systems and management > 180399 Fresh, ground and surface water systems and management not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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