Predicting and managing plant invasions on offshore islands

Butt, Nathalie, Wenger, Amelia S., Lohr, Cheryl, Woodberry, Owen, Morris, Keith, and Pressey, Robert L. (2021) Predicting and managing plant invasions on offshore islands. Conservation Science and Practice, 3 (2).

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Abstract

Resources for biodiversity conservation are limited and it is therefore imperative that management actions that have the best chance of success are prioritized. Non-native species (NNS) are one of the key problems facing biodiversity conservation, so understanding how NNS disperse and establish can inform more effective conservation planning and management. Using a novel Bayesian belief network model, we investigated non-native plant dispersal on the approximately 550 islands along the Pilbara coast, Western Australia, and identified priority species and locations for targeted management. Of a total of around 9,000 weed arrivals onto the islands, 1,661 arrivals across 14 weed species had some probability of establishment. Suggested management actions in these cases would be education campaigns to inform visitors about the risk of accidental transport of propagules, quarantine programs, and eradication. For the seven weed species that arrived only via human dispersal and had a >10% chance of establishment on five islands, surveillance, and control of new arrivals would be the recommended management actions. Removal of propagule source populations would not be a cost-effective management strategy. The inherent flexibility of our model means that different objectives can be analyzed in a transparent way, making it a powerful tool for guiding effective targeted action, derived from an explicit decision-making framework.

Item ID: 72123
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2578-4854
Keywords: Bayesian model, conservation management, island ecosystems, non&#8208, native plants, threatened species
Copyright Information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, providedthe original work is properly cited. © 2020 The Authors. Conservation Science and Practice published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of Society for Conservation Biology.
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2022 08:55
FoR Codes: 31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3108 Plant biology > 310805 Plant pathology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1802 Coastal and estuarine systems and management > 180203 Coastal or estuarine biodiversity @ 100%
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