Bubble formation in globe valve and flow characteristics of partially filled pipe water flow

Nguyen, Quang Khai, Jung, Kwang Hyo, Lee, Gang Nam, Park, Hyun jung, To, Peter, Suh, Sung Bu, and Lee, Jaeyong (2021) Bubble formation in globe valve and flow characteristics of partially filled pipe water flow. International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, 13. pp. 554-565.

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Abstract

Air bubble entrainment is a phenomenon that can significantly reduce the efficiency of liquid motion in piping systems. In the present study, the bubble formation mechanism in a globe valve with 90% water fraction flow is explained by visualization study and pressure oscillation analysis. The shadowgraph imaging technique is applied to illustrate the unsteady flow inside the transparent valve. This helps to study the effect of bubbles induced by the globe valve on pressure distribution and valve flow coefficient. International Society of Automation (ISA) recommends locations for measuring pressure drop of the valve to determine its flow coefficient. This paper presents the comparison of the pressures at different locations along with the upstream and the downstream of the valve with the values at recommended positions by the ISA standard. The results show that in partially filled pipe flow, the discrepancies in pressure between different measurement locations in the valve downstream are significant at valve openings less than 30%. The aerated flow induces the oscillation in pressure and flow rate, which leads to the fluctuation in the flow coefficient of the valve. The flow coefficients have a linear relationship with the Reynolds number. For the same increase of Reynolds number, the flow coefficients grow faster with larger valve openings and level off at the opening of 50%.

Item ID: 71511
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2092-6790
Copyright Information: © 2021 Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Society of Naval Architects of Korea. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2022 00:09
FoR Codes: 40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400513 Water resources engineering @ 100%
SEO Codes: 17 ENERGY > 1708 Renewable energy > 170803 Hydro-electric energy @ 100%
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