Urbanisation and well-being of ageing population in the twenty-first century: a scoping review of available assessment tools

Azzali, Simona, Yew, Andrew Siew Yeong, Chaiechi, Taha, and Wong, Caroline (2022) Urbanisation and well-being of ageing population in the twenty-first century: a scoping review of available assessment tools. In: Community Empowerment, Sustainable Cities, and Transformative Economies. 9. pp. 129-149. From: BEMAS: 1st International Conference in Business, Economics, Management, and Sustainability, 2-3 July 2021, Cairns, QLD, Australia.

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Abstract

Ageing population and urbanisation are two global trends that together comprise major forces shaping the twenty-first Century. Cities are growing, and so are their share of ageing population. In 2019, the world’s population aged 60 years or over numbered 703 million and is projected to double to 1.5 billion by 2050 (UN, 2019). By then, 1 in 6 people will be over 65 years of age (UN, 2019).

Urban areas have already started experiencing the challenges of providing services and infrastructure to support ageing residents’ well-being and necessities. In practical terms, an age-friendly city adapts its structures and services to be accessible to and inclusive of senior citizens with varying needs and capacities. However, the global ageing population is a major concern for economists and policymakers since it has numerous economic and financial implications affecting economic growth, public healthcare, and social support systems.

After an initial search that included 466 items from a variety of sources of available evidence, this research adopted a scoping review following the work of (Arskey, O’Malley Int J Social Res Methodol 8:19–32, 2005) in order to map the key concepts underpinning population ageing, well-being, and urbanisation. In particular, the review seeks to examine various ageing well-being assessment tools (qualitative and quantitative) so as to define the recurrent indicators, criteria, areas covered and what is missing. This review was complemented by a summary of the research findings and research gaps in existing literature pertaining to the well-being of the ageing population. The review has highlighted four critical characteristics of a pragmatic well-being assessment model for the ageing population, including the need for individualisation to a specific context, the subjective and objective relevance, flexibility in choosing the appropriate frameworks, and the importance to narrate the progressive status in the well-being of an individual over time. In a fast ageing world, this review helps in capacity-building and design thinking by bridging academic knowledge and real-world planning and design endeavours.

Item ID: 71289
Item Type: Conference Item (Research - E1)
ISBN: 978-981-16-5259-2
Keywords: Urbanisation, Age-friendly, Well-being, assessment tools, Scoping review, Healthy cities
Copyright Information: © The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2022
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2022 22:27
FoR Codes: 33 BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN > 3304 Urban and regional planning > 330401 Community planning @ 50%
33 BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN > 3304 Urban and regional planning > 330413 Urban planning and health @ 50%
SEO Codes: 12 CONSTRUCTION > 1204 Construction planning > 120406 Urban planning @ 100%
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