Relationship between estimated VO2max and handgrip strength in healthy young Nigerian adults

Ajepe, Oluwatobiloba, Mgbemena, Nnamdi, Okafor, Udoka, Ehuwa, Oluwatosin, Okeke, Chukwuebuka, Osundiya, Oladuni, Oyedemi, Jeremiah, and Ezeugwa, Chidinma (2022) Relationship between estimated VO2max and handgrip strength in healthy young Nigerian adults. Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice, 20 (1). 17.

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Purpose: This study investigated the relationship between estimated oxygen consumption (VO2max) and handgrip strength (HGS) among healthy young Nigerian adults.

Methods: This was a cross sectional study, which involved 400 volunteers (171 males; 229 females) aged between 18–40years. Participants’ HGS was assessed using a CAMRY EH-101 hand dynamometer while VO2max was estimated using a standard formula that includes measurement of resting heart rate. Demographic data was summarized using percentages, mean and standard deviation. Physical activity level of the participants was assessed using long form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Independent t-test was used to compare the mean values of the variables between male and female participants. Pearson’s correlation was used to determine the strength of relationship between estimated VO2max and HGS, while multiple regression analysis was conducted to determine the predictors of estimated VO2max using HGS as well as body mass index (BMI), physical activity (PA) level, age and sex as co‐variates. Level of significance was set at p<0.05.

Results: HGS, VO2max and PA level were significantly (p= 0.001) different between male and female participants. There was a significant moderate correlation between HGS and VO2max (r= 0.40, p= 0.001). The results of the regression analysis showed that HGS is not significant predictor of estimated VO2max; whereas, sex, BMI and PA level were significant predictors of estimated VO2max.

Conclusion: Although HGS is moderately correlated with estimated VO2max, HGS may not be a relevant tool for predicting estimated VO2max in healthy young adults.

Item ID: 71277
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1540-580X
Keywords: handgrip strength, cardio-respiratory capacity, VO2max, healthy adults
Copyright Information: © The Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice, 2022. CC BY-NC-ND
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2022 23:51
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4201 Allied health and rehabilitation science > 420106 Physiotherapy @ 50%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4207 Sports science and exercise > 420702 Exercise physiology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2003 Provision of health and support services > 200301 Allied health therapies (excl. mental health services) @ 100%
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