The fortified settlement of Macapainara, Lautem District, Timor-Leste

O'Connor, Sue, Bulbeck, David, Amano, Noel, Piper, Philip J., Brockwell, Sally, McWilliam, Andrew, Fenner, Jack N., O'Connor-Veth, Jack, Whitau, Rose, Maloney, Tim, Langley, Michelle C., Litster, Mirani, Lankton, James, Gratuze, Bernard, Dickinson, William R., Barham, Anthony, and Willan, Richard C. (2020) The fortified settlement of Macapainara, Lautem District, Timor-Leste. In: O'Connor, Sue, McWilliam, Andrew, and Brockwell, Sally, (eds.) Forts and Fortification in Wallacea: archaeological and ethnohistoric investigations. Terra Australis . ANU Press, Canberra, ACT, Australia, pp. 13-48.

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Abstract

The hilltop location known as Macapainara is an extensive fortified settlement complex near the modern coastal village of Com (Figure 2.1). Although the settlement is no longer occupied, families living in the modern harbour village of Com identify it as their ancestral homeland and visit the ancestral graves in the settlement to perform rituals. Macapainara is 175 m above sea level and approximately 2 km in from the northern coastline of Timor-Leste (Figure 2.1). In 2008, excavations were carried out within the walls in order to assess the nature and chronology of occupation. The phenomenon of fort building and its chronology in Timor-Leste have been examined elsewhere (Fenner and Bulbeck 2013; O’Connor et al. 2012). Here we focus on describing the excavated cultural assemblage.

Item ID: 71095
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-1-76046-389-2
Keywords: Forts; Fortification; Timor-Leste
Copyright Information: This title is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
Funders: Australian Research Council
Projects and Grants: ARC DP0556210, ARC LP0776789
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2022 00:04
FoR Codes: 43 HISTORY, HERITAGE AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 4301 Archaeology > 430102 Archaeology of Asia, Africa and the Americas @ 100%
SEO Codes: 13 CULTURE AND SOCIETY > 1307 Understanding past societies > 130702 Understanding Asia’s past @ 100%
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