Late Holocene coastal land-use, site formation and site survival: insights from five middens at Cape Leveque and Lombadina, Dampier Peninsula, Kimberley, Australia

Litster, Mirani, Barham, Anthony, Meyer, Juliet, Maloney, Tim Ryan, Shipton, Ceri, Fallon, Stewart, Willan, Richard C., and O'Connor, Sue (2020) Late Holocene coastal land-use, site formation and site survival: insights from five middens at Cape Leveque and Lombadina, Dampier Peninsula, Kimberley, Australia. Australian Archaeology, 86 (2). pp. 118-136.

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Abstract

This paper introduces primary data on site contents, chronology and stratigraphy for four subsurface middens, which formed through the late Holocene on the Dampier Peninsula. Data from one surface midden collection are also presented. In this monsoonal coastal locality, variations in dune stability and sand flux are critical to archaeological site formation and preservation. Site specific factors determining sand sequestration into topsoils interact with geomorphological processes and past human discard to determine the stratigraphy and chronology of individual sites. Taphonomic modes during the Anthropocene have shifted, such that middens are rapidly transformed by wind when exposed in back-beach areas. Processes of sand sequestration present management issues at midden sites, and their chances of survival into the future. The cultural assemblages from the middens are also discussed, with reference to the rich ethnoarchaeology of Bardi land-use and subsistence.

Item ID: 71067
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0312-2417
Keywords: middens; coastal; Dampier Peninsula; Bardi; Lombadina; Cape Leveque
Copyright Information: © 2020 Australian Archaeological Association
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC DP0878735
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2021 02:25
FoR Codes: 43 HISTORY, HERITAGE AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 4301 Archaeology > 430101 Archaeological science @ 50%
45 INDIGENOUS STUDIES > 4501 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander culture, language and history > 450101 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander archaeology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 13 CULTURE AND SOCIETY > 1307 Understanding past societies > 130703 Understanding Australia’s past @ 100%
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