Expanding the Burkholderia pseudomallei complex with the addition of two novel species: Burkholderia mayonis sp. nov. and Burkholderia savannae sp. nov.

Hall, Carina M., Baker, Anthony L., Sahl, Jason, Mayo, Mark, Scholz, Holger C., Kaestli, Mirjam, Schupp, James, Martz, Madison, Settles, Erik W., Busch, Joseph D., Sidak-Loftis, Lindsay, Thomas, Astrid, Kreutzer, Lisa, Georgi, Enrico, Schweizer, Herbert P., Warner, Jeffrey M., Keim, Paul, Currie, Bart J., and Wagner, David M. (2021) Expanding the Burkholderia pseudomallei complex with the addition of two novel species: Burkholderia mayonis sp. nov. and Burkholderia savannae sp. nov. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. (In Press)

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View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.01583-21
 
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Abstract

Distinct Burkholderia strains were isolated from soil samples collected in tropical northern Australia (Northern Territory and the Torres Strait Islands, Queensland). Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA and whole genome sequences revealed these strains were distinct from previously described Burkholderia species and assigned them to two novel clades within the B. pseudomallei complex (Bpc). Because average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization calculations are consistent with these clades representing distinct species, we propose the names Burkholderia mayonis sp. nov. and Burkholderia savannae sp. nov. Strains assigned to B. mayonis sp. nov. include type strain BDU6T (=TSD-80; LMG 29941; ASM152374v2) and BDU8. Strains assigned to B. savannae sp. nov. include type strain MSMB266T (=TSD-82; LMG 29940; ASM152444v2), MSMB852, BDU18, and BDU19. Comparative genomics revealed unique coding regions for both putative species, including clusters of orthologous genes associated with phage. Type strains of both B. mayonis sp. nov. and B. savannae sp. nov. yielded biochemical profiles distinct from each other and other species in the Bpc, and profiles also varied among strains within B. mayonis sp. nov. and B. savannae sp. nov. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization–time of flight analysis revealed a B. savannae sp. nov. cluster separate from other species, whereas B. mayonis sp. nov. strains did not form a distinct cluster. Neither B. mayonis sp. nov. nor B. savannae sp. nov. caused mortality in mice when delivered via the subcutaneous route. The addition of B. mayonis sp. nov. and B. savannae sp. nov. results in eight species currently in the Bpc.

Item ID: 70961
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1098-5336
Keywords: Burkholderia mayonis sp. nov., Burkholderia savannae sp. nov., Burkholderia pseudomallei complex, BDU6 T, MSMB266T
Copyright Information: Copyright © 2021 American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2021 23:23
FoR Codes: 31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3107 Microbiology > 310701 Bacteriology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200404 Disease distribution and transmission (incl. surveillance and response) @ 100%
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