Geochemistry of groundwater and saltwater intrusion in a coastal region of an island in Malacca Strait, Indonesia

Putra, Dewandra Bagus Eka, Hadian, Mohamad Sapari Dwi, Alam, Boy Yoseph C.S.S.Syah, Yuskar, Yuniarti, Yaacob, Wan Zuhairi Wan, Datta, Bithin, and Harnum, Widya Puspa Dwi (2021) Geochemistry of groundwater and saltwater intrusion in a coastal region of an island in Malacca Strait, Indonesia. Environmental Engineering Research, 26 (2). 200006.

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Most people in Bengkalis island use groundwater as their primary resource, but brackish water discovered in the wells located near the shore as well as in the distance. A hydrogeology study through geochemistry and isotope aspect conducted for the first time to identify the effect of saltwater intrusion (SWI) on groundwater. Na > Mg > K > Ca were the most dominant cation sequence in groundwater, while Cl > HCO3 > SO4 was the most dominant for anion. NaCl is the main type of groundwater in shallow aquifer and NaCl & NaHCO3 both became the most dominant type of groundwater in the deeper aquifer system. Most of the groundwater samples from dug wells indicating the weak acid exceeding strong acid. Meanwhile, the groundwater samples from bore wells dominated by alkalis exceeding alkaline earth. SWI analysis shows 36.4% of groundwater samples from dug wells and 40% of bore water samples experiencing the salinization process. From isotope analysis, the groundwater samples found to be originated from the higher elevation or distance source. Meanwhile, there are lighter 2H values in the samples that are indicating the groundwater flown in the deeper part of the aquifer.

Item ID: 70725
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2005-968X
Keywords: Bengkalis, Coastal groundwater, Groundwater isotope, Hydrogeochemistry, Saltwater intrusion
Copyright Information: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Copyright © 2021 Korean Society of Environmental Engineers.
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2022 02:19
FoR Codes: 40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400513 Water resources engineering @ 100%
SEO Codes: 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1803 Fresh, ground and surface water systems and management > 180399 Fresh, ground and surface water systems and management not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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