Integration of non-dispensing pharmacists into primary healthcare services: an umbrella review and narrative synthesis of the effect on patient outcomes

Shaw, Caitlin, and Couzos, Sophie (2021) Integration of non-dispensing pharmacists into primary healthcare services: an umbrella review and narrative synthesis of the effect on patient outcomes. Australian Journal of General Practice, 50 (6). pp. 403-408.

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View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.31128/AJGP-08-20-5565
 
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Abstract

Background and objective: Australian primary care services must address increasingly complex and chronic disease. When integrated into general practice, non-dispensing pharmacists (NDPs) provide clinical services within a team-based model of care to improve patient outcomes and quality use of medications. This review synthesises available systematic reviews and meta-analyses to assess the effect of the integration of NDPs on outcomes of primary care patients.

Methods: PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and JBI Database of Systematic Reviews were searched from August 2019 until December 2019 for systematic reviews and meta-analyses that assessed the integration of NDPs into primary care, as well as patient outcomes.

Results: In total, 591 publications were identified, of which five were suitable for inclusion. Outcomes in the included studies were classified into changes in biomedical markers, changes in prescribing practices and patient-reported outcomes.

Discussion: The results of this review suggest that the integration of NDPs has a positive effect on patient outcomes in primary care.

Item ID: 70693
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2208-7958
Keywords: umbrella review; pharmacists; integration; general practice; primary health care; integrated; embedded; workforce reform; pharmacy
Copyright Information: © The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners 2021.
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2021 02:25
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3214 Pharmacology and pharmaceutical sciences > 321403 Clinical pharmacy and pharmacy practice @ 50%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4203 Health services and systems > 420304 General practice @ 50%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200102 Efficacy of medications @ 50%
20 HEALTH > 2003 Provision of health and support services > 200310 Primary care @ 50%
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