One hundred research questions in conservation physiology for generating actionable evidence to inform conservation policy and practice

Cooke, Steven J., Bergman, Jordanna N., Madliger, Christine L., Cramp, Rebecca L., Beardall, John, Burness, Gary, Clark, Timothy D., Dantzer, Ben, De La Barrera, Erick, Fangue, Nann A., Franklin, Craig E., Fuller, Andrea, Hawkes, Lucy A., Hultine, Kevin R., Hunt, Kathleen E., Love, Oliver P., MacMillan, Heath A., Mandelman, John W., Mark, Felix C., Martin, Lynn B., Newman, Amy E.M., Nicotra, Adrienne B., Raby, Graham D., Robinson, Sharon A., Ropert-Coudert, Yan, Rummer, Jodie L., Seebacher, Frank, Todgham, Anne E., Tomlinson, Sean, and Chown, Steven (2021) One hundred research questions in conservation physiology for generating actionable evidence to inform conservation policy and practice. Conservation Physiology, 9 (1). coab009.

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Abstract

Environmental change and biodiversity loss are but two of the complex challenges facing conservation practitioners and policy makers. Relevant and robust scientific knowledge is critical for providing decision-makers with the actionable evidence needed to inform conservation decisions. In the Anthropocene, science that leads to meaningful improvements in biodiversity conservation, restoration and management is desperately needed. Conservation Physiology has emerged as a discipline that is well-positioned to identify the mechanisms underpinning population declines, predict responses to environmental change and test different in situ and ex situ conservation interventions for diverse taxa and ecosystems. Here we present a consensus list of 10 priority research themes. Within each theme we identify specific research questions (100 in total), answers to which will address conservation problems and should improve the management of biological resources. The themes frame a set of research questions related to the following: (i) adaptation and phenotypic plasticity; (ii) human-induced environmental change; (iii) human-wildlife interactions; (iv) invasive species; (v) methods, biomarkers and monitoring; (vi) policy, engagement and communication; (vii) pollution; (viii) restoration actions; (ix) threatened species; and (x) urban systems. The themes and questions will hopefully guide and inspire researchers while also helping to demonstrate to practitioners and policy makers the many ways in which physiology can help to support their decisions.

Item ID: 70686
Item Type: Article (Commentary)
ISSN: 2051-1434
Keywords: Biodiversity threats, conservation decisions, conservation physiology, evidence, research questions
Copyright Information: © The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press and the Society for Experimental Biology. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2022 02:51
FoR Codes: 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410401 Conservation and biodiversity @ 100%
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