A revised Permian-Triassic stratigraphic framework for the northeastern Galilee Basin, Queensland, Australia, and definition of a new Middle–Upper Triassic sedimentary unit

Todd, C.N, Roberts, E.M., and Charles, A.J. (2021) A revised Permian-Triassic stratigraphic framework for the northeastern Galilee Basin, Queensland, Australia, and definition of a new Middle–Upper Triassic sedimentary unit. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 69 (1). pp. 113-134.

[img] PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.1080/08120099.2021.19...
 
1


Abstract

The upper Paleozoic–lower Mesozoic strata in the northeastern Galilee Basin are important for their hydrocarbon and groundwater potential; however, despite numerous previous investigations, the nature of this stratigraphic interval remains enigmatic. This study integrates lithostratigraphy, palynology and U–Pb zircon geochronology of well-exposed Permian and Triassic sedimentary rocks and nearby stratigraphic cores from the Hughenden district to determine their maximum depositional ages and then revises the stratigraphy where necessary. The newly defined Galah Tuff Bed was discovered at the top of the Betts Creek beds in Porcupine Gorge and was dated at 251.9 ± 3 Ma. This provides an important age constraint for the Betts Creek beds and is a tie-point for correlations with coeval units in the adjacent Bowen Basin and the Sydney and Gunnedah basins to the southeast. The Galah Tuff Bed is interpreted to correlate with the Yarrabee Tuff in the Bowen Basin. Unconformably overlying the Betts Creek beds is a newly recognised stratigraphic unit, defined herein as the Porcupine Gorge Formation. Detrital zircon maximum depositional ages and palynology indicate a significant depositional hiatus of up to 20 million years between the Betts Creek beds and Porcupine Gorge Formation. The hiatus indicates that the lower part of the Porcupine Gorge Formation is at least upper Middle Triassic, whereas the upper part of the unit extends into the Late Triassic. This age also constrains the overlying Warang Sandstone, which is considerably younger locally than previously reported and is likely diachronous across the northeastern Galilee Basin.KEY POINTS An integrated lithostratigraphy, palynology and U–Pb detrital zircon geochronology methodology is applied to the Permian–Triassic succession the northeastern Galilee Basin. Two new stratigraphic units were recognised: the upper Permian Galah Tuff Bed (251.9 ± 3 Ma) and the late Middle–Late Triassic Porcupine Gorge Formation (238.7 ± 3 Ma). The Galah Tuff Bed, correlative of the Yarrabee Tuff in the Bowen Basin, is evidence for widespread volcanism in the late Permian. The age of the Porcupine Gorge Formation indicates diachroneity of the Triassic succession in the Galilee Basin, warranting further examination.

Item ID: 70683
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1440-0952
Keywords: detrital zircon geochronology, Galilee Basin, lithostratigraphy, palynology, Permian, Queensland, Triassic
Copyright Information: © 2021 Geological Society of Australia.
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC Jurassic Arc Project DP180102851
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2022 22:54
Downloads: Total: 1
Last 12 Months: 1
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page