Measurement and modelling of dielectric properties of different animal feed resources as a function of feed type and moisture content

Shishir, Md Safiqur Rahaman, Jacob, Mohan, Leong, Kenneth, Cheng, Long, Cullen, Brendan, and Brodie, Graham (2021) Measurement and modelling of dielectric properties of different animal feed resources as a function of feed type and moisture content. Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy, 55 (4). pp. 273-286.

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Abstract

Dielectric properties of any particular material will determine the level of microwave (MW) heating. Therefore, measurement of the dielectric properties of MW treatment subject materials is necessary. This study investigated the dielectric properties of six roughages and three concentrate animal feeds across the microwave frequency range of 1 × 109 to 5 × 109 Hz. Six treatment groups, named control (at equilibrium moisture constant), oven dried (0% moisture), 25% moisture added, 50% moisture added, 75% moisture added, and 100% moisture added groups were prepared for the study. Three separate replications and five observations for each replication were used to assess the dielectric properties of these materials. The results showed that for increasing moisture content, from oven-dried, though the control status, to 100% added moisture, both the dielectric constant (real part) and the dielectric loss factor (imaginary part) increased for both the roughages and concentrates. However, the responses were not linear. The oven-dried plant samples' dielectric properties were very low compared with those of the higher moisture content samples. Thus, the sample's moisture content was the dominant contributor to the feed samples' dielectric behavior. Among all the feed samples, faba bean and wheat grain showed the highest response to added moisture. Mathematical models were developed to explain the dielectric properties of feeds as a function of frequency and moisture content. The goodness of fit (r2) for these models' real part varied between 0.85–0.99 for roughage and 0.98–0.99 for concentrate feed type. On the other hand, the goodness of fit for the imaginary part varied between 0.59–0.78 for roughage, and 0.81–0.93 for concentrate feeds.

Item ID: 70545
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2472-4041
Keywords: dielectric, Forage, grain, modelling, moisture
Copyright Information: © 2021 International Microwave Power Institute.
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2022 01:59
Downloads: Total: 1
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