The Insect-Specific Parramatta River Virus Is Vertically Transmitted by Aedes vigilax Mosquitoes and Suppresses Replication of Pathogenic Flaviviruses in Vitro

McLean, Breeanna J., Hall-Mendelin, Sonja, Webb, Cameron E., Bielefeldt-Ohmann, Helle, Ritchie, Scott A., Hobson-Peters, Jody, Hall, Roy A., and van den Hurk, Andrew F. (2021) The Insect-Specific Parramatta River Virus Is Vertically Transmitted by Aedes vigilax Mosquitoes and Suppresses Replication of Pathogenic Flaviviruses in Vitro. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, 21 (3). pp. 208-215.

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View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2020.2692
 
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Abstract

Insect-specific flaviviruses (ISFs) have been isolated from a range of mosquito species from different parts of the world. These viruses replicate efficiently in mosquitoes but do not appear to replicate in vertebrates. There is increasing evidence that ISFs persist in nature through vertical transmission, and that they interfere with the replication and transmission of pathogenic flaviviruses in the mosquito host. A novel ISF species, Parramatta River virus (PaRV), was previously shown to occur at high rates in Aedes (Ae.) vigilax mosquitoes collected from Sydney, Australia. We investigated whether vertical transmission was the mechanism of viral persistence in Ae. vigilax populations and whether PaRV affected replication of the pathogenic flaviviruses, West Nile virus (WNV), and dengue virus type 3 (DENV-3) in cultured mosquito cells. Progeny reared from eggs obtained from field-collected infected females had infection rates as high as 142 and 85 per 1000 for females and males, respectively. In vitro experiments showed that replication of both WNV and DENV-3 was significantly suppressed in Aedes albopictus (C6/36) cells persistently infected with PaRV. Our studies with PaRV support the findings of previous investigations that ISFs persist in nature through vertical transmission and that ISFs can suppress the replication of pathogenic flaviviruses in coinfected mosquito cells.

Item ID: 70510
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1557-7759
Keywords: Aedes vigilax, dengue virus type 3, Parramatta River virus, transmission, virus suppression, West Nile virus
Copyright Information: © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC DP230203994
Date Deposited: 11 May 2022 23:10
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Last 12 Months: 1
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