Examination of the sprinting and jumping force-velocity profiles in young soccer players at different maturational stages

Fernández-Galván, Luis Miguel, Boullosa, Daniel, Jiménez-Reyes, Pedro, Cuadrado-Peñafiel, Víctor, and Casado, Arturo (2021) Examination of the sprinting and jumping force-velocity profiles in young soccer players at different maturational stages. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (9). 4646.

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The aim was to determine the relationships among components of the force-velocity (F-V) profiles in jumping and sprinting, with both biological and chronological ages in 89 young soccer players belonging to categories from U10 to U18. Participants performed countermovement jumps (CMJ) and 20-m sprint tests. F-V components assessed were associated with both maturity offset and chronological age, using correlation and multiple linear regression analyses. Horizontal (i.e., maximal theoretical force [F0] and velocity [V0], maximal power [Pmax] and F-V slope) and vertical (i.e., [F0] and [Pmax]) F-V components displayed very large correlations (i.e., 0.79 ≤ r ≤ 0.92) with both chronological age and maturity offset. The combination of sprinting Pmax and training experience and jumping F0 and training experience explained up to 94% of the variances in maturity offset and chronological age. Furthermore, similar correlations were found between sprinting and jumping performances, and components of the F-V profiles, and both maturity offset and chronological age. Identification of vertical jump and sprint mechanical determinants may assist in strengthening those components of the F-V profile which are weaker throughout the training process. Sprinting and jumping capabilities can be indistinctly monitored with respect to their chronological age or maturity offset in young soccer players.

Item ID: 70426
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1660-4601
Keywords: Force-velocity profile, Maturation, Sprint, Vertical jump, Young soccer players
Copyright Information: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2022 05:10
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