Change the IUCN protected area categories to reflect biodiversity outcomes

Boitani, Luigi, Cowling, Richard M., Dublin, Holly T., Mace, Georgina M., Parrish, Jeff, Possingham, Hugh P., Pressey, Robert L., Rondinini, Carlo, and Wilson, Kerrie A. (2008) Change the IUCN protected area categories to reflect biodiversity outcomes. PLoS Biology, 6 (3). pp. 436-438.

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In 1872, United States President Ulysses Grant set aside 2.2 million acres of wilderness, primarily for recreational purposes, as the first formally recognized protected area (PA)—Yellowstone National Park. The concept took hold slowly over the next hundred years, and PAs are now recognized as essential to biodiversity conservation [1] and as irreplaceable tools for species and habitat management and recovery. Today, over 100,000 sites (11.5% of the Earth’s land surface) are listed in the World Database on Protected Areas [2]. PAs have always been recognized as having broad roles, but it wasn’t until the 1990s that the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) included the role of conserving biodiversity in its definition: “An area of land and/or sea especially dedicated to the protection and maintenance of biological diversity, and of natural and associated cultural resources, and managed through legal or other effective means” [3].

Item ID: 7031
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1545-7885
Keywords: protected area
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Copyright: © 2008 Boitani et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2010 06:00
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9699 Other Environment > 969999 Environment not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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