Spatial distribution of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) outbreaks in South Africa (2005–2016)

Sirdar, Mohamed Mahmoud, Fosgate, Geoffrey Theodore, Blignaut, Belinda, Mampane, Lucas R., Rikhotso, Oupa Boetie, Du Plessis, Ben, and Gummow, Bruce (2021) Spatial distribution of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) outbreaks in South Africa (2005–2016). Tropical Animal Health and Production, 53 (3). 376.

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Abstract

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a transboundary animal disease that has negative socioeconomic consequences including impacts on food security. In South Africa, FMD outbreaks in communal farming communities cause major livestock and human livelihood concerns; they raise apprehensions about the effectiveness of FMD control measures within the FMD protection areas. This study aimed to identify high-risk areas for FMD outbreaks at the human/domestic animal/wildlife interface of South Africa. Cuzick-Edwards tests and Kulldorff scan statistics were used to detect spatial autocorrelation and spatial–temporal clusters of FMD outbreaks for the years 2005–2016. Four high-risk clusters were identified and the spatial distribution of outbreaks in cattle were closer to game reserve fences and consistent with wildlife contacts as a main contributor of FMD occurrence. Strategic allocation of resources, focused control measures, and cooperation between the affected provinces are recommended to reduce future outbreaks. Further research is necessary to design cost-effective control strategies for FMD.

Item ID: 70286
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1573-7438
Keywords: Cluster, Dip-tank, Human/domestic animals/wildlife interface, Kruger National Park
Copyright Information: © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V. 2021
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2022 22:48
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