Phylogenomics of Porites from the Arabian Peninsula

Terraneo, Tullia I., Benzoni, Francesca, Arrigoni, Roberto, Baird, Andrew H., Mariappan, Kiruthiga G., Forsman, Zac H., Wooster, Michael K., Bouwmeester, Jessica, Marshell, Alyssa, and Berumen, Michael L. (2021) Phylogenomics of Porites from the Arabian Peninsula. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 161. 107173.

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Abstract

The advent of high throughput sequencing technologies provides an opportunity to resolve phylogenetic relationships among closely related species. By incorporating hundreds to thousands of unlinked loci and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), phylogenomic analyses have a far greater potential to resolve species boundaries than approaches that rely on only a few markers. Scleractinian taxa have proved challenging to identify using traditional morphological approaches and many groups lack an adequate set of molecular markers to investigate their phylogenies. Here, we examine the potential of Restriction-site Associated DNA sequencing (RADseq) to investigate phylogenetic relationships and species limits within the scleractinian coral genus Porites. A total of 126 colonies were collected from 16 localities in the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula and ascribed to 12 nominal and two unknown species based on their morphology. Reference mapping was used to retrieve and compare nearly complete mitochondrial genomes, ribosomal DNA, and histone loci. De novo assembly and reference mapping to the P. lobata coral transcriptome were compared and used to obtain thousands of genome-wide loci and SNPs. A suite of species discovery methods (phylogenetic, ordination, and clustering analyses) and species delimitation approaches (coalescent-based, species tree, and Bayesian Factor delimitation) suggested the presence of eight molecular lineages, one of which included six morphospecies. Our phylogenomic approach provided a fully supported phylogeny of Porites from the Arabian Peninsula, suggesting the power of RADseq data to solve the species delineation problem in this speciose coral genus.

Item ID: 70248
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1095-9513
Keywords: Corals, dDocent, ezRAD, Species delimitation, Species tree, Systematics
Copyright Information: © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license
Funders: James Cook University (JCU)
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2022 03:22
Downloads: Total: 175
Last 12 Months: 65
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