A lack of red blood cell swelling in five elasmobranch fishes following air exposure and exhaustive exercise

Schwieterman, Gail, Rummer, Jodie L., Bouyoucos, Ian, Bushnell, Peter G., and Brill, Richard W. (2021) A lack of red blood cell swelling in five elasmobranch fishes following air exposure and exhaustive exercise. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology, 258. 110978.

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Abstract

In teleost fishes, catecholamine-induced increases in the activity of cation exchangers compensate for decreases in hemoglobin oxygen affinity and maximum blood oxygen carrying capacity caused by decreases in plasma pH (i.e., metabolic acidosis). The resultant red blood cell (RBC) swelling has been documented in sandbar (Carcharhinus plumbeus) and epaulette (Hemiscyllium ocellatum) sharks following capture by rod-and-reel or after a 1.5 h exposure to anoxia (respectively), although the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. To determine if RBC swelling could be documented in other elasmobranch fishes, we collected blood samples from clearnose skate (Rostroraja eglanteria), blacktip reef shark (Carcharhinus melanopterus), and sicklefin lemon shark (Negaprion acutidens) subjected to exhaustive exercise or air exposure (or both) and measured hematocrit, hemoglobin concentration, RBC count, RBC volume, and mean corpuscular hemoglobin content. We did likewise with sandbar and epaulette sharks to further explore the mechanisms driving swelling when present. We could not document RBC swelling in any species; although hematocrit increased in all species (presumably due to RBC ejection from the spleen or fluid shifts out of the vascular compartment) except epaulette shark. Our results indicate RBC swelling and associated ion shifts in elasmobranch fishes is not inducible by exercise or hypoxia, thus implying this response maybe of lesser importance for maintaining oxygen delivery during acute acidosis than in teleost fishes.

Item ID: 70237
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1531-4332
Keywords: Acidosis, Anoxia, Bohr effect, Capture, pH
Copyright Information: © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC PDE150101266
Research Data: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2021.110978
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2022 06:29
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