How severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 aerosol propagates through the age-specific upper airways

Islam, Mohammad S., Larpruenrudee, Puchanee, Saha, Suvash C., Pourmehran, Oveis, Paul, Akshoy Ranjan, Gemci, Tevfik, Collins, Richard, Paul, Gunther, and Gu, Yuantong (2021) How severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 aerosol propagates through the age-specific upper airways. Physics of Fluids, 33 (8). 081911.

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Abstract

The recent outbreak of the COVID-19 causes significant respirational health problems, including high mortality rates worldwide. The deadly corona virus-containing aerosol enters the atmospheric air through sneezing, exhalation, or talking, assembling with the particulate matter, and subsequently transferring to the respiratory system. This recent outbreak illustrates that the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus-2 is deadlier for aged people than for other age groups. It is evident that the airway diameter reduces with age, and an accurate understanding of SARS aerosol transport through different elderly people's airways could potentially help the overall respiratory health assessment, which is currently lacking in the literature. This first-ever study investigates SARS COVID-2 aerosol transport in age-specific airway systems. A highly asymmetric age-specific airway model and fluent solver (ANSYS 19.2) are used for the investigation. The computational fluid dynamics measurement predicts higher SARS COVID-2 aerosol concentration in the airway wall for older adults than for younger people. The numerical study reports that the smaller SARS coronavirus-2 aerosol deposition rate in the right lung is higher than that in the left lung, and the opposite scenario occurs for the larger SARS coronavirus-2 aerosol rate. The numerical results show a fluctuating trend of pressure at different generations of the age-specific model. The findings of this study would improve the knowledge of SARS coronavirus-2 aerosol transportation to the upper airways which would thus ameliorate the targeted aerosol drug delivery system.

Item ID: 70206
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1089-7666
Copyright Information: Published under an exclusive license by AIP Publishing.
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2022 02:26
Downloads: Total: 2
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