The clinical management of orthodontically-induced external root resorption: a questionnaire survey

Currell, Scott Derek, Blackmore Grant, Peter Donald, Esterman, Adrian, and Nimmo, Alan (2021) The clinical management of orthodontically-induced external root resorption: a questionnaire survey. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 160 (3). pp. 385-391.

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Introduction: With more dentists performing orthodontics, identifying and managing patients at risk or affected by orthodontically-induced external root resorption (OIERR) is paramount.

Methods: This study, conducted according to STROBE (STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology), studied Australian orthodontists. Orthodontists were asked to complete a clinical questionnaire evaluating their diagnostic and management approaches to OIERR.

Results: Orthodontists most commonly use a history of previous root resorption and the use of an orthopantomogram to screen and monitor patients. An orthopantomogram is used either 6 months for those identified as at risk of OIERR or 10-12 months for those who are not. Once detected, most orthodontists will record OIERR in terms of severity. If severe root resorption was detected, orthodontists would compromise on the treatment outcome and promptly complete treatment; if extraction sites remain closed, most orthodontists will interrupt treatment for 3-6 months. After treatment, orthodontists’ retention protocol is unchanged regardless of OIERR experience. Treatment planning for patients with generalized OIERR before treatment (P = 0.002) was the only decision shown to be associated with years of clinical experience (P >0.05).

Conclusions: It is shown that no 1 method for managing OIERR exists, with most orthodontists arguing patient specificity to treatment modality. The various selected clinical approaches accurately reflect the current state of scientific literature on the topic.

Item ID: 70148
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1097-6752
Copyright Information: © 2021 by the American Association of Orthodontists. All rights reserved.
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2022 00:25
Downloads: Total: 2
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